Demographic behaviour of Russians: family and fertility patterns across generations
After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the behaviour of Russians in all spheres of life began to change; the demographic dimension is not an exception. Nowadays youth born and raised in modern Russia have another vision of the sequence of demographic events than that held by Soviet generations. According to examples of other countries and the theory of the Second Demographic Transition, it is possible to assume that differences in norms, values, and views could lead to a shift in calendars and intensity of births and matrimonial events. Have these value transformations resulted in transformations of actual reproductive and matrimonial behaviour of Russians? If so, what is the direction of changes? We tried to answer these and accompanying questions in the paper. Using Event History Analysis (EHA) we revealed a relationship between matrimonial and reproductive behaviour across generations, defined zones of their basic distinctions, and made assumptions concerning the reasons and consequences of these transformations.
Let Fλ be a generalized flag variety of a simple Lie group G embedded into the projectivization of an irreducible G-module Vλ. We define a flat degeneration Fλa, which is a GaM variety. Moreover, there exists a larger group Ga acting on Fλa, which is a degeneration of the group G. The group Ga contains GaM as a normal subgroup. If G is of type A, then the degenerate flag varieties can be embedded into the product of Grassmannians and thus to the product of projective spaces. The defining ideal of Fλa is generated by the set of degenerate Plüker relations. We prove that the coordinate ring of Fλa is isomorphic to a direct sum of dual PBW-graded g-modules. We also prove that there exist bases in multi-homogeneous components of the coordinate rings, parametrized by the semistandard PBW-tableux, which are analogues of semistandard tableaux.
Russia’s declining birth rate is linked to a delay in a family’s decision to have children and to uncertainty about the place of children in a couple’s relationship. Despite the rise of individualism and the importance of career and self-realization, however, the family retains a very important place in Russian society.
We prove the non-commutative Hodge-to-de Rham Degeneration Conjecture of Kontsevich and Soibelman.
In the article authors use the vital birh and death registration data on 10 regions exctracted from the Rosstat database to evaluate an input of international migrant into Russian fertility and mortality levels.
The authors discuss social and demographic processes in the rural regions of the Russian Near North and, first of all, in the Kostroma region – one of the socially problematic regions in the Russian Federation. In the article, the attention is focused on the analysis of mechanisms and assessment of scales of the depopulation: high mortality, migration of youth and middle aged people to the cities, deformations in age and gender structure with prevalence of the elderly population and a small share of children. The authors state essential distinctions of demographic indicators between municipalities in the Kostroma region and emphasize importance of social and demographic research on a basic municipal level. Indicators of the low life expectancy, high mortality caused by external reasons (alcoholism, murders, suicides, etc.), and high migration of youth are seen as the objective indicators of social problems in the local communities. It demands special attention on the part of the government authorities that plan social programs and take administrative decisions.
This chapter discusses the features of the development of the Russian population and the results of population projections to 2025
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.