Контекстуальный анализ исторического развития теории решения изобретательских задач (ТРИЗ)
The article contains a study of the theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ), which was once popular among Soviet engineers. TRIZ is placed in the historical and socio-economic contexts, a contextual analysis of the content of the theory is carried out. Both the history of the origin and development of TRIZ and the problems that TRIZ faces in the 21st century are considered. Various sources of 1956-2022 are analyzed, including both materials on TRIZ (printed, digital, video, etc.), as well as books that are not related to it: conference proceedings, brochures, magazines that reflect the discourse of scientific and technical USSR policy. The main assumption of the article is that TRIZ is formulated as a response to the explicitly set goals of the scientific and technological policy of the USSR in the 1950s-1960s, which becomes an obstacle to the successful worldwide popularization of TRIZ after the 1990s. The article discusses the changes that were made in order to integrate TRIZ into an alien economic environment. In particular, the philosophical component of TRIZ and the existential answers that it offered to engineers remain relevant only within the picture of the world given by a specific socio-economic situation. Other conditions set a different picture of the world, in which the philosophical part of TRIZ must be discarded - as a result, it loses its main feature and cannot compete in the market with similar theories.