Cordula Gdaniec, ed. Cultural Diversity in Russian Cities: The Urban Landscape in the Post-Soviet Era.
The review highlights the significance of the anthropological perspective to the contemporary Russian city developed by the authors of the book. Describing the city through the lenses of the groups whose role in shaping the cityscape changed dramatically in last two decades, the book attracts attention to the new agents such as migrants, queer coomunities, youth subcultures contributing to the formation of new conventions and new practices of urban life. This perspective is important for understanding the urban life in Russia as shaped by everyday practices and interactions.
Urban public space continues to be the focus of debate regarding its conceptualization and how it is designed, (re)produced and managed. Nowadays public spaces are facing new challenges conceptually and practically. This book focuses on two of them: mobility and aestheticization. Mobility and flows are considered to be key characteristics of the post-modern era. While for some scholars it means the «end of place», others are trying to re-conceptualize it by bringing together notions of space, place, mobility and identity. Still surprisingly few authors address the concept of public space in this respect. Principles of aesthetic and diverse forms of aestheticization seem to have affected urban space and culture throughout Modernity, forming a dimension where power and conflict around urban space are performed. In this book nine authors with social science and arts backgrounds from six countries discuss how these processes shape the life of modern cities, and where the social sciences should move for a better understanding of them.
Basing on the data of migrant population surplus/decline in Russian cities for the period 1991-2009 the attempt is made to evaluate the impact of the population size of a city as well as the city position in the system of central-peripheral relations on its migration balance. The author also explains the existing migration mobility pattern through hierarchy of cities within a region.
The article, based on current accounting data migration, analyzed the age characteristics of internal migration in Russia. The degree of influence of migration on the age structure of the population of 4 groups regions. On the example of the Central Federal District of the distributions increase (decrease) of population and intra-regional capitals periphery by age groups. More detailed analysis of migration age profile in Moscow and Moscow region.
Subject Pursuing the socio-economic policy in regions requires understanding the processes of concentration of resources, population, enterprises in certain territories, mostly, in cities. Recent studies show increasing interest of economists in the Zipf's Law manifestation in the regional system, and cities distribution under the rank-size principle.
Objectives The aims are to test the Zipf's Law in Russian cities, to support or reject the hypothesis that in Russia the Zipf coefficient depends on the size of the geographical territory of the federal district.
Methods We used the least square method to analyze the Zipf's Law in Russian cities in general, and in each federal district, in particular. The sampling includes 1,123 Russian cities with population over 1,000 people in 2014. Results The Zipf's Law manifests in the entire territory of the Russian Federation. In federal districts, the Zipf coefficient ranges from -0.65 (the Far Eastern Federal District) to -0.9 (the Ural and North Caucasian Federal Districts). The analysis of the sampling of cities with population over 100 thousand people demonstrated -1.13 Zipf’s coefficient.
Conclusions The test of the Zipf's Law for Russian cities shows that it is valid for small (8,600-15,300 people) and large cities (66,700-331,000 people). The Zipf's Law fails for cities with population exceeding one million people (except for the city of St. Petersburg). The study supports the hypothesis on dependence of the Zipf coefficient on the size of a federal district.
This article describes the tools for analysis scientific-industrial complex of the city, analysis of scenarios of development of industrial areas, sets out the basic parameters of a mathematical model of the balance of interests.