The paper deals with computing key words by comparing and processing data retrieved from two corpora: reference corpus and a speciﬁcally designed corpus or a text. The main aim of the research revolves around the idea of equipping linguists, teachers and students with the practical skills to analyze the language they teach statistically. Thus, the research is based upon statistical procedures provided by standard corpus software. We set out to ﬁnd out whether the key words computed automatically, with the help of software WordSmith Tools 6.0, could provide a reliable basis for selecting the most important lexical units for learners of English. The learners in question were undergraduate students of Area Studies (the UK). In our experiment we compared three lists of words: chosen by two ESP teachers and the one computed automatically. The article elaborates on the procedure and the relevance of the three word lists within second language acquisition context. In conclusion, it is stated that corpus tools could be of signiﬁcant help for ESP professionals.
The article elaborates on composing and designing own corpora that would represent certain types of discourse, it also reviews implementation of available corpus software to identify a text or a genre specific key words, looks at corpus tools to identify and measure collocation strength using large national corpora.
A brief overview of the results of the classification of the RF-regions by the distributions of the EGE-scores in 2011 year is presented. The comparison analysis of these results with the results in 2010 year is made. The attempt to establish the factors that explain the variation of the region's distributions is made. The multiple linear regression for the average score under these factors is build.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.