Hidden and Displayed Liquidity in Securities Markets with Informed Liquidity Providers
We examine the impact on the quality of a securities market of hiding versus displaying orders that provide liquidity. Display expropriates informational rents from informed agents who trade as liquidity providers. The informed then exit liquidity provision in favor of demanding liquidity where they trade less aggressively. Trading costs to uninformed liquidity demanders are higher, bid-ask spreads are wider and midquotes are less informationally ecient when orders that provide liquidity are displayed. Our analysis suggests that market innovations, which might seem to favor the informed over the uninformed, can enhance market quality by intensifying competition among the informed.
The aim of our research is to present an approach to systemic liquidity management of the company. We study patterns of liquidity management that reflect the requirements of the relationship between strategic and current financial management, the interaction of liquidity risk and profitability as the core of added value creation, as well as the tools for their implementation. The econometric toolkit was aimed at identifying threshold points in the joint dynamics of liquidity and profitability with the identification of ranges of positive and negative nature of their interaction. The result of theoretical research was tested on the example of Russian metallurgical industry. The analysis revealed that metallurgical industry is characterized by a lower liquidity threshold, as well as profitability. However, in the framework of this study, all the tasks have been accomplished. A possible direction for future research in this field is the use of comprehensive approach to the study of liquidity management in order to understand which combination of tactic and strategic action enables liquidity management to be expedient for the company.
This article presents an engineering approach to estimating market resiliency based on analysis of the dynamics of a liquidity index. The method provides formal criteria for defining a “liquidity shock” on the market and can be used to obtain resiliency-related statistics for further research and estimation of this liquidity aspect. The developed algorithm uses the results of a spline approximation for observational data and allows a theoretical interpretation of the results. The method was applied to real data resulting in estimation of market resiliency for the given period.
The paper presents a review of stochastic framework for term structure modeling and shows comparative advantages of commonly used techniques. The main application of the research is coherent modeling of credit and interest rate risk for Euro zone issuers.
The article gives an overview of influence of stock market discrimination on market value of companies in China. There are two types of shares on Chinese stock market: class A shares, which are available for domestic investors, and class B shares, which are available for foreign investors. Such market structure is not a unique Chinese market's feature. It is also used in such countries as Finland, Singapore, Switzerland, Thailand, etc. What differs Chinese market from markets with similar structure is the fact that class B shares are traded with substantial discount to class A shares. Such a situation is explained by such factors informational asymmetry between domestic and foreign investors; different liquidity of different classes of shares; diversification effect, connected with investment in Chinese stock market; size of companies; ratio of amounts of shares of different classes; stock exchange where company's shares are traded.
Liquidity is an important characteristic for any bond, but now in the literature there are no models for estimating the liquidity premium. Moreover, there is not even an exact definition of this notion. There are many facts proving the existence of the liquidity premium in the bond market. One of such fact, for example, is the difference between values of the bond spread and the credit default swap (CDS) premium. Following the Longstaff (2005) study, often, in practice, CDS data are used for the estimation of the pure credit risk of the underlying bond and henc for the separation of the bond risk premium from the liquidity premium and credit risk premium. However, the fact that CDS premium can be used for the pure credit risk measurement is a disputable proposition. The purpose of this paper is to make recommendations on the applicability of such approach for assessing liquidity premium. In this paper the risks associated with CDS transactions will be considered.Also, different approaches for assessing the liquidity bond premium and liquidity CDS premium will be reviewed as well as the correlation of these quantitites. We will see that the CDS premium does not measure the pure credit component of the bond spread.
Argentina, the second largest country in Latin America, hardly recovered form the recession of the year 2001, faces the crisis again in 2008. First of all, the crisis affected the credit and banking sphere of the country, reducing the volumes of credit and deposit. But during the crisis, Argentina managed to carry out the restructuring of the financial system. The Global financial and economic crisis has shown the importance of the investors' confidence.