The article argues the undesirability of introducing recently proposed changes in the regime of vertical restrictions regulation in Russia. They are similar to the changes, which were introduced in the United States by Robinson – Patman (1936) and Miller – Tydings (1937) Acts. But at the same time these new rules stand in sharp contrast to modern practice of antimonopoly regulation in the USA and the EC countries. At the moment even the most extreme types of vertical restrictions – the exclusive contracts that prohibit selling goods or acquiring them from any but the contracted side – are not automatically condemned as per se illegal. The softening of the regime of regulation was due to the recognition that vertical agreements should not be considered along the horizontal interactions only. The underlying motivation for their introduction can be much wider and may have nothing common with the foreclosure reasons. The article provides an overview of modern institutional theoretical approaches that could potentially be used in the analysis of exclusive agreements (and vertical restraints in general). It is not just the traditional analysis of the exclusive dealing through the lens of investment fostering, but also the considerations based on the multitask moral hazard theory, the «reference point» approach [Hart and Moor 2008] and vertical integration theory of Baker, Gibbons and Murthy.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the phenomenon of local self-governing, with a new institutional theory being the basis of the analysis. The article analyses the institutional costs of local authorities in small towns and regions when they perform their functions. These costs are, in most cases, unproductive, which make the work of the municipal governments worse. The author introduces a new term "unproductive institutional costs" and proposes their genetics classification.
The question was raised about methods of empirical verification for various technologies of strategic planning on the local level. The preliminary results of the case studies were examined that described the long-term consequences of strategic planning on the municipal level. The strong connection between the influence of the strategic plan on socio-economic development and the stability of the authority was shown.
Local government reform has changed the administrative-territorial structure of the country. Revolutionary change was noticed neither nationals nor the state. The reform of local government came a new reality. Must be closely monitored and the study of this new reality. Need to send a description of the already existing diversity of social, economic and territorial forms of social organization. Our lives can not squeeze into the norms of the existing laws. We certainly seem inadequate attempts to develop a standardized system of local government by the capital experts. They know about the local government only that it is somewhere abroad. There can not be a uniform system of local government for the vast country. we should not neglect the geographical, ethnic, political, cultural and economic diversity of life in the towns and villages of the Russian Federation.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.