Политическая этика, власть, право
In this paragraph the forms of interaction between politics and morality, the main problems of moral values of political reality, moral nature of power are considered.
In this study we compare ethical values of Russian law students and professional lawyers. We focus on the problem of choosing between personal benefits and professional responsibility, as well as on the transformations of ethical values between university and the bar. In two studies using a single methodology we have surveyed 282 law student in three Russian universities and 372 lawyer from 9 regions of Russia. At the moment this is the only study in Russia, which allows us to compare the views of law students and professional lawyers, and find out at what point the idea about dominance of personal benefit over professional responsibility established. We conclude that the reasons for the differences in professional ethics are rooted in the system of legal education.
The article comprises the analysis of the contemporary theories of justice including the general theoris as well as more specialized, like the just war theory. The article is a comment on the book by A.Prokofyev "To retribute everyone his due...An Introduction to the Theory of Justice". In a nut shell the basic idea of the article corresponds to the thesis that it is false to follow uncritically the letter and spirit of the Western theories of justice, which, contain many contradictions even if these are the best of them, besides, they contain some intuitive and unreflective assumptions. The main goal of the Russian ethical thought regarding the Western theories should imply the ability to see both the contadictions and the assumptions, which would enable it to come up with new normative solutions to the problems of justce.
Reforms of the public administration are necessary conditions for social andeconomic development of the country, competitive national economy, citizens’involvement and responsibility. Each country is specifi ed a set of reformswhich refl ect their economy and society development standard as well as politicaland cultural features. As for the Russian Federation the following trends of the enhancing ofthe executive power functioning in general and some administrative processes(functions, services) in particular are topical: implementation of the administrationtechniques according to their results; promoting the management personnelpotential; and, defi nitely, the search of the ways to solve the issue of corruptionand the civil service ethics.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.