О методологических основаниях мейнстрима и гетеродоксии в экономической теории конца XIX — начала XXI века
The paper deals with the evolution of economic method during the last centuries. The author argues that the Marginalist Revolution in the end of the XIX century created radically new vision of the subject-matter and method of economic theory. As a result, contemporary mainstream economics is now based on the assumptions of methodological individualism, optimization and absence of genuine uncertainty. These processes have strongly diminished the potential of economics. As a response various heterodox conceptions have emerged emphasizing different kinds of non-optimizing and/or group behavior and also stressing the importance of complexity, volatility and genuine uncertainty of economic environment. In this respect, in particular, the paper shows that J. M. Keynes' theory is beyond contemporary mainstream economics.