The article presents the stance of the Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering SB RAS on launching the Spatial Development Strategy of the Russian Federation, on the content of various versions of the strategy concept and its structure. We show that while conceptual approaches to the strategy design were in the works, its implementation priorities, direction, and mechanisms underwent a fundamental change. Whereas the first version of the strategy concept contained a progressive vision of the problems, challenges, priorities, and possible scenarios of Russia’s spatial development and implementation mechanisms, every subsequent iteration lost some of these progressive features. The article details the conceptual defects of the latest versions of the Concept of the Russian Spatial Development Strategy and the Structure of the Russian Spatial Development Strategy, which disrupt attempt to positively evaluate these documents: ignoring new trends, challenges, and threats emerging in the Russian space; favoring the task of mastering funds to implement the strategy only through urban agglomerations advancement while dismissing tasks of social justice and citizens’ human potential support, environmental safety of business and dwelling in specific areas, and others.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of public investment programs on the socio-economic development of territories. As a case, the federaltarget programs for the development of regions and investment programs of the financial development institution — Vnesheconombank, designed to solve the problems of regional development are considered. The impact of the public interventions were evaluated by the “difference in differences” method using Bayesian modeling. The results of the evaluation suggest the positive impact of federal target programs on the total factor productivity of regions and on innovation; and that regional investment programs of Vnesheconombank are improving the export activity. All of the investments considered are likely to have contributed to the reduction of unemployment, but their implementation has been accompanied by an increase in interregional inequality.
In the article the questions of budgetary security of regions of thenorthwestern Federal district of the Russian Federation, and the impact of the crisis on budget and tax policy. Estimated fiscal capacity of regions and municipalities. Discusses the ways of improving inter-budgetary relations.
The aim of the work is to assess the impact of the 2014 geopolitical and economic crisis on the health of St. Petersburg residents. According to the accepted hypothesis, the crisis had a negative impact on the health of citizens and the conditions of their livelihoods. To test the hypothesis, the dynamics of indicators directly describing the level of public health, as well as factors affecting this level, was considered. The long-term trends prevailing in the pre-crisis period were studied, and a linear trend was constructed for each indicator and extrapolated values were calculated for two years following 2014. The main measure of the impact of the crisis on the dynamics of the indicator was the negative deviation from the trend in these years. Twenty-six indicators that showed a negative deviation were identified and investigated. As a result, it was proved that the crisis had a significant negative impact on the health of the residents of St. Petersburg. Including a sharp decline in environmental indicators, which we associate with the tradition of “residual financing” of the social sphere during the crisis, the same reason caused a significant reduction in a number of health resources. The crisis also had a negative impact on the structure of consumption, causing a decrease in the consumption of high-quality goods and an increase in consumption of low-quality goods. The dynamics of the incidence of a number of diseases showed that the deterioration in the quality of nutrition made a significant contribution to the increase in the incidence. It is shown that the current program of development of health care of the city contains low targets and does not take into account environmental factors, which reduces its effectiveness as an instrument of regional social policy. The proposed method makes it possible to calculate scientifically based targets for programs for the restoration development of the social sphere in the region.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.