Низовая организация досуга в заброшенных зданиях Воркуты
In the conditions of institutional and spatial limitations and poor infrastructure of Vorkuta, young people are actively developing non-functioning abandoned buildings. The purpose of
this article is to analyze how social and spatial aspects are intertwined in the context of various youth scenes that independently organize leisure through the creation of unique leisure spaces in a situation of limited resources. Two cases were selected for the research: the Polar Wolves bike club and a skate-park in an abandoned building. The empirical data of the article was collected during a sociological expedition from July 7th to 13th, 2019 in Vorkuta as part of the “Otkryvayem Rossiyu zanovo'' project in the form of 20 in-depth interviews with Vorkuta residents aged 16 to 35 and more than 200 hours of included observation. The analysis is based on the scene approach and the concept of third places by Ray Oldenburg. The authors of the article define the leisure space of youth in the described cases as a place in which a youth scene (or scenes) exists. The analysis highlighted the features of the grassroots organization of leisure spaces in Vorkuta - young people reuse abandoned buildings and create their own special social and related spatial order inside them. It is concluded that the constant transformation of buildings is equated with the development and continuation of scenes. Once abandoned buildings become places with a certain social dynamics, which is constantly reproduced through the intersection of the daily practices of the scene participants. Relatively little attention is paid to studies of the organization of youth leisure in Arctic cities remote from central Russia. The results of this article can draw the attention of further researchers to the study of youth leisure in the Arctic regions, as a response to institutional restrictions in the place of residence
Youth are, by definition, the future. This book brings initial analyses to bear on youth in the five BRICS countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, which are home to nearly half of the world's youth. Very little is known about these youth outside of their own countries since the mainstream views on "youth" and "youth culture" are derived from the available literature on youth in the industrialized West, which is home to a small part of the world's youth. This book aims to help fill in this gap.
The handbook examines the state of youth, their past, present and permits the development of insights about future. The BRICS countries have all engaged in development processes and some remarkable improvements in young people's lives over recent decades are documented. However, the chapters also show that these gains can be undermined by instabilities, poor decisions and external factors in those countries. Periods of economic growth, political progress, cultural opening up and subsequent reversals rearticulate differently in each society. The future of youth is sharply impacted by recent transformations of economic, political and social realities. As new opportunities emerge and the influence of tradition on youth's lifestyles weakens and as their norms and values change, the youth enter into conflict with dominant expectations and power structures.
The topics covered in the book include politics, education, health, employment, leisure, Internet, identities, inequalities and demographics. The chapters provide original insights into the development of the BRICS countries, and place the varied mechanisms of youth development in context. This handbook serves as a reference to those who are interested in having a better understanding of today's youth. Readers will become acquainted with many issues that are faced today by young people and understand that through fertile dialogues and cooperation, youth can play a role in shaping the future of the world.
This article focuses on the cultural consumption of people with hearing loss. It includes three components: practices, preferences and motives, which, connecting in sustainable combinations, build patterns. The study of these patterns of cultural consumption is interesting in the context of, first, ensuring equal access to the culture instruments for all people, and, second, the existence of "deaf culture", which may be the single cultural landmark for many deaf and hard of hearing people.
Key models identified in this quantitative study of Moscow deaf young people are patterns of cultural inclusion, cultural isolation and passive cultural consumption. The study shows that the degree of hearing loss is not a major dominant, defining a person's choice of cultural consumption. In families with a high level of accumulated cultural capital, hearing impaired children will more likely focus on cultural inclusion and integration into the wider cultural context.
This article is an expanded version of the report submitted by the author on V scientific and practical conference dedicated to the memory of the first Dean of the Faculty of Sociology HSE Alexander O. Kryshtanovskiy "Sociological research methods in modern practice". The article is based on a study of the quantative data obtained in the course of one of the stages of the study "New social movements of youth" by Center of Youth Studies HSE - SaintPetersburg. At this stage, youth community mapping was conducted and analysis of the data using SNA tools was organised. The issue of this work is related to the specific application of network theory and network analysis methods in the process of discovering relations between various informal organisations on the example of youth communities.
This paper focuses on the structure of public leisure practices in Russia. The interest to this topic is based on the idea that lifestyle can reflect the social structure of society. The sphere of public leisure activities is assumed to be the field of symbolic inequality where the stratification system is manifested. Existing literature indicates three different approaches to describe the structure of leisure. At the same time, the majority of the studies are focused on one particular form of leisure such as cultural consumption, sports, or gastronomic preferences, while neglecting the structure of leisure activities on the whole. Furthermore, the results of the analysis of the impact of social determinants vary depending on the social context. On this premise, the aim of this study is to reveal the structure of public leisure practices in Russia, together with the effect of the social features on it. The research is based on the data delivered by Public opinion Foundation. Using latent class analysis and multinomial logistic regression, five repertoires of leisure activities were found as well as the effects of income, education, age, and the region of living were revealed.
The paper observes the main patterns of youth consumption and leisure in contemporary Russia. It relies on the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE, a set of nationally representative household-based surveys which includes data collected from 1994 to 2013. The data shows that by 2010 the level of youth consumption has risen along with the households’ overall income and expenditure. Since financial problems were alleviated, there was a redistribution of time between work and leisure, so youth turned to the active cultural consumption, including non-entertainment services. However, the total increase in products and services consumed went hand in hand with the rise of differentiation in the availability of durables, patterns of consumption and leisure practices.
The introductory article opens the publication of essays written by the participants of the conference “Free Time in Russian Aesthetic Culture of XX-XXI centuries”. The article designates the most essential problems represented in the papers of researchers who took part in the conference. In addition it describes thematically the essays collected within the framework of publication of the conference's materials.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.