Crystal phases of charged interlayer excitons in van der Waals heterostructures
Throughout the years, strongly correlated coherent states of excitons have been the subject of intense theoretical and experimental studies. This topic has recently boomed due to new emerging quantum materials such as van der Waals (vdW) bound atomically thin layers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). We analyze the collective properties of charged interlayer excitons observed recently in bilayer TMD heterostructures. We predict strongly correlated phases – crystal and Wigner crystal – that can be selectively realized with TMD bilayers of properly chosen electron-hole effective masses by just varying their interlayer separation distance. Our results can be used for nonlinear coherent control, charge transport and spinoptronics application development with quantum vdW heterostuctures.