Methodological Approach to Use of Web Content by Small Business
Digitization encourages accumulation of web content, an important resource of economic activity. Despite high level of development of technology of work with web content, the need for significant expenses restricts its use by small businesses. Web content characterized by absence of structure, diversity of sources, and high speed of data flow, is included in the concept of “Big Data”, efficient work with which requires access to financial, computing, and labor resources. The developed and tested methodological approach to use of web content, taking into account capabilities of small business, enables a specialist in any subject area to upload textual information, convert it into a database, and analyze it using widespread or public domain software.
The collection contains scientific articles of the international scientific-practical conference "State Administration and Public Service: Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow in the Context of E-Government and the Digital Economy", held at the Higher School of Public Administration (HSAA) of MV Lomonosov Moscow State University in the framework of the XIV NAUKA Science Festival 0+ (October 11-13, 2019). The materials of the collection reflect the results of research conducted by undergraduates of the first and second courses of the Higher School of Public Administration. This scientific publication will be useful to undergraduate students, undergraduates, researchers, and everyone interested in the current state and development trends of the theory of public service, public administration and management, as well as their practice in modern conditions of digitalization of public life.
The article contains the analysis of the impact of information and communication technologies as well as mobile technologies for the conduction of small and medium business in the emerging countries. Special approach is suggested for the development of the concept of business-processes management on small and medium enterprises.
Scott L. Newbert, PhD, is associate professor of management, Harry Halloran Emerging Scholar in Social Entrepreneurship, and Anne Quinn Welsh Faculty Fellow in Honors at Villanova University. His research on the socioeconomic impacts of entrepreneurial activity and valuation strategies for small firms has been published in numerous journals, including Strategic Organization, Small Business Economics, and Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. He received his doctorate in strategic management and entrepreneurship from Rutgers University.
This year about 150 papers were presented within the conference program, about 350 scholars and practitioners from Russia and other countries (including CIS countries (Georgia, Ukraine, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan), Europe (Hungary, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom), America (USA, Brazil, El Salvador), Asia (India, Pakistan, Japan, China, Taiwan, Kuwait), Australia and Africa (Tunisia)) took part in the main conference tracks and associated events (panel discussions, round tables, master classes, workshops).
Over the past 5 years GSOM EMC has become the key event in GSOM SPbU academic life. In 2014-2018 the conference gathered more than 1600 leading scholars and practitioners from Russia and abroad and became an important platform for discussing and sharing the ideas and experience in wide range of topics in emerging markets context.
The article summarizes the data from a few tens of in-depth interviews with entrepreneurs – representatives of a small business from six rural districts of the North-East of Kostroma region. The purpose of the interview was to discover expectations and suggestions from entrepreneurs to the local and state government. Interview data reveal the profound contradictions between the business and the government, some of which are hidden from the external observer. These contradictions are based not only on results of the local authority actions, but also on the specific current status of local government that makes it impossible to effectively interact with the business. On the other hand, the development of local businesses has led to a peculiar configuration of the business community, also making it difficult to communicate with the authorities. Particular feature of Middle Russian North business, especially in the highly subsidized Kostroma region, is its total focus on the use of natural resources, almost exclusively forest. Single-industry raw material specialization of the entrepreneurship as well as very narrow and underdeveloped segment of service makes entrepreneurs completely dependent on arbitrariness of local authorities. This, however, does not protect them from the territorial invasions and capture of the market by big outside mining and network companies. As a result of such two-sided attack local business is trying to get protection from the local government that leads to inadmissible merging of business and government and monopolizing of business in almost every rural district. Direct consequences of such a merging are government inefficiency, lack of incentives for business development, and stagnation. Some “evolutionary stable strategy” has been developed, that does not allow winning any of the actors yet saving them from loses in competition with the outside players. Understanding of the inefficiency and dead-end of such an interaction by some entrepreneurs forces them to raise claims to local authority. Interviews analyses resulted in the list of complaints and suggestions on how to optimize an interaction between the local business and local authorities.
In this paper we consider choice problems under the assumption that the preferences of the decision maker are expressed in the form of a parametric partial weak order without assuming the existence of any value function. We investigate both the sensitivity (stability) of each non-dominated solution with respect to the changes of parameters of this order, and the sensitivity of the set of non-dominated solutions as a whole to similar changes. We show that this type of sensitivity analysis can be performed by employing techniques of linear programming.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.