Культуральные особенности образа ролевой структуры в диаде "отец-сын"
Objective. Study of the cultural characteristics of the image of the role structure of child-parental relations in Russian and Italian men.
Background. The dynamic transformation of modern society, of necessity, entails significant changes in the structure and functions of the family as a social group, since its adaptability is supported by the effective implementation of all functions in the aggregate. However, the dominant family function is a phenomenon that determines the main direction of the evolution of the family system. Studies by domestic and foreign authors show that in different countries, different functions can be distinguished as dominant. However, all over the world it is recognized that the process of upbringing and development of children is extremely important, in which not only mothers, but also fathers take part. Currently, in the context of the transformation of ideas about the role of the father in the family, the problem of conscious parenting arises, in particular, the father's understanding of the specifics of his parental role, the role of his child, the translation of adaptive methods of communication in the family environment.
Study design. In this work, the study of the character and power of determination of the image of oneself as a “future father” by the image of one's role in childhood in relation to the father in Russian and Italian men was carried out. The presence and nature of the relationship was checked using methods of mathematical statistics (correlation analysis and analysis of the significance of differences).
Participants. The study involved 182 men (145 Russians and 137 Italians) 21-22 years old (M = 21.5), who were brought up in two-parent families, with incomplete higher education, not being officially married and having no children.
Methods. The author's technique of E.N. Vasilyeva, A.V. Orlov "Social Roles of the Child".
Results. A comparative analysis of the data obtained showed the existence of cultural differences in the determination of the image of oneself as a “future father” by the image of their role in childhood in relation to their father in Russian and Italian men aged 21-22 years.
Conclusions. The specificity of the integral image of the role of the "father" in the opinion of Russian and Italian men, as well as the relationship between the images of roles in childhood in relation to the father ("children's roles") and the images of the roles of their "future child" in Russian and Italian young men are revealed.