Статус поговорки в первой трети XIX в. и характер мысли Е. А. Боратынского: Вокруг стихотворения "Старательно мы наблюдаем свет..."
The article analyzes the status of proverbs and sayings in the Russian culture and the literary language of the first third of the 19th century. The first part discusses the ambivalent attitude toward paremias among ‘Šiškovists’ and ‘Karamzinists’. The use of proverbs and sayings in literary texts of the 1800–1830s (primarily in poetry) allows us to conclude that paremias had to undergo strict taste selection. The second part of the article analyzes the surge of (proto)scientific interest in paremias in the 1820s. The analysis of the articles on proverbs and sayings demonstrates that paremias were perceived as a special philosophy of the people, competing with elite philosophical systems. The last part of the work is dedicated to the poem Staratel’no my nabljudaem svet … (‘Diligently we observe the light ...’) by E. A. Boratynskij. Its linguistic and semantic analysis allows us to illustrate the ambivalent status of paremias in the Russian culture of the first third of the 19th century.
A. S. Nemzer points out a large series of reminiscences of folcloric and classic literary texts in Solzhenitsyn's story. Preserving the memory of Matriona (who perished but who lives in literature) is inseparately linked to a restoration of a living Russian language and Russian literature.
The article looks into the so-called 'rephrased proverbs', i.e. sayings that are not considered serious and whose purpose is to provoke the audience's laughter in contrast to the classical proverb having a moralistic purpose.
The poem “Мне выпало счастье быть русским поэтом…” (1981) was first published in the book Voices Beyond the Hills, where it concluded a mini-cycle of four octets: “Год рождения не выбирают…” (1978), “Я слышал то, что слышать мог…” (1981), “Да, мне повезло в этом мире…” (1982), and “Мне выпало счастье быть русским поэтом…” (Самойлов 1985: 69-71); cf. (Самойлов 2006: 256, 305, 311, 301). Although Samoilov did not give an overall title to these texts as a group, they undoubtedly form a conceptual unity. In addition to the texts’ common themes (a summarization of life events), confessional tones, and equal lengths (the octet is the most common form in Voices Beyond the Hills: 36 out of 131 poems, about 27.5%), their graphical treatment is of note.
The book describes the problem of transition of different structures of literature in the austrian literature.
The article deals with revealing semantics of color names and its reflection in phraseology of the German language. Phraseological units with color constituents in anthropocentric sphere are considered from the position of descriptive and normative stylistic notions.
The article deals with the reception of the French poet Francis Jamme's verse in the early Mayakovsky's poetry. It reveals the significance of the dialogue between the two poets for the construction of Mayakovsky's poetical world.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.