Classification of artificial intelligence technologies to determine the civil liability
The paper confirms a conclusion that there is no unified approach to the issue of civil liability for the actions of artificial intelligence. The authors propose to consider fault-based liability, liability regardless of fault and liability founded on a risk-based approach. To determine a type of liability for the actions of AI, the authors outline a classification of AI technologies on four grounds: autonomy, self-learning, feature and availability of data recorders. According to the authors, the most promising approach to the legal regulation of liability for the functioning of artificial intelligence technologies is a risk-based approach. The conclusions presented in the paper testify to the relevance of the topic of the research and prove the beginning of the formation of a scientific understanding of civil liability for the actions of AI in Russia and abroad.