АНАЛИЗ ИСТОЧНИКОВ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕННЫХ ДАННЫХ В РАЗВИТИИ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ НЕДРОПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ
Currently, the effective use of all available geographical information in Earth Sciences worldwide is associated with problems of their processing and effective application, although more recently, the problems of storing large amounts of data have been added to this. In modern conditions, the spatial data Fund is a complex and extensive information field containing the most heterogeneous data in terms of spatial coverage and resolution. This is due to an increase in the volume of information, and the ways to choose the means and methods of processing. In the research work of scientists and the routine work of managers, only knowledge-intensive information is needed, which has specifics due to the specialization, complexity and strong connectivity of data.
This book describes modern tools and methods of geoinformation mapping, remote monitoring in geographical research for complex spatial analysis of natural and socio-economic processes. The synthesis of industry knowledge is also necessary for studying different aspects of nature and society, for establishing patterns and deepening geographical knowledge, and for making forecasts. Modern geoinformation technologies, remote sensing of the Earth, and cartographic works based on them most fully meet such complex requests.
The article is devoted to the development of an intelligent system, based on the Arduino hardware and software platform. It is an element of the Smart House, which at the core lays the concept of IoT (Internet of Things). The device is designed for continuous automated monitoring condition of the aquarium, with the ability to remotely inform his owner. Monitoring and support of the life processes is carried by parameters such as feed supply, control of the temperature set, control of illumination. Versatility and modularity of the platform makes it possible to use it for any type of aquarium with the ability to expand functionality by adding the necessary sensors or metrics. The basic stages of designing of the device are described, its characteristics and the results of its work are given.
Comparative analysis of Russian network resources related to the strictly protected natural areas (OOPT in Russian) is presented. Examples of geoportals, including inventory and multi-purpose, and of various territorial coverage are given: from the planetary scale to the specific protected areas. The characteristics of their designation, content, and functionality, including the cartographic mapping of data, are presented. One of the advantages of distributing the spatial data and maps on the Internet is the ability to update the content. Conclusions on advantages and disadvantages of the analyzed services are clearly formulated. A significant part of the national geoportals developers uses Open-Source GIS software. Only a few geoportals contain standardized metadata that provides search for resources. Most of them can be categorized exclusively viewing, being just the tools of web mapping. As a result, we can conclude that the existing technological capabilities of the multifunctional geoportals such as components of spatial data infrastructures remain largely unclaimed. In particular, this is due to the problem of the acute deficit of cartographic specialization among the personnel of the protected areas, lack of creative culture and practical use of thematic maps as well as the other persistent shortcomings in the organization of the protected areas and nature conservation, inherited from the “pre-digital” era of its development.
The paper describes the development of a robotic platform for buildings. The versatility of the platform allows its applying in various fields of human activity, both in the remote control and autonomous regime. The main steps involved in creating a robotic platform are described; its characteristics and working results are given.
One of the key advances in genome assembly that has led to a significant improvement in contig lengths has been improved algorithms for utilization of paired reads (mate-pairs). While in most assemblers, mate-pair information is used in a post-processing step, the recently proposed Paired de Bruijn Graph (PDBG) approach incorporates the mate-pair information directly in the assembly graph structure. However, the PDBG approach faces difficulties when the variation in the insert sizes is high. To address this problem, we first transform mate-pairs into edge-pair histograms that allow one to better estimate the distance between edges in the assembly graph that represent regions linked by multiple mate-pairs. Further, we combine the ideas of mate-pair transformation and PDBGs to construct new data structures for genome assembly: pathsets and pathset graphs.
Papers about natural protection territories
Many environmental stimuli present a quasi-rhythmic structure at different timescales that the brain needs to decompose and integrate. Cortical oscillations have been proposed as instruments of sensory de-multiplexing, i.e., the parallel processing of different frequency streams in sensory signals. Yet their causal role in such a process has never been demonstrated. Here, we used a neural microcircuit model to address whether coupled theta–gamma oscillations, as observed in human auditory cortex, could underpin the multiscale sensory analysis of speech. We show that, in continuous speech, theta oscillations can flexibly track the syllabic rhythm and temporally organize the phoneme-level response of gamma neurons into a code that enables syllable identification. The tracking of slow speech fluctuations by theta oscillations, and its coupling to gamma-spiking activity both appeared as critical features for accurate speech encoding. These results demonstrate that cortical oscillations can be a key instrument of speech de-multiplexing, parsing, and encoding.
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (NNRs) of the α7 subtype have been shown to contribute to the release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. The site of action and the underlying mechanism, however, are unclear. Here we applied a circuit modeling approach, supported by electrochemical in vivo recordings, to clarify this issue. Modeling revealed two potential mechanisms for the drop in accumbal dopamine efflux evoked by the selective α7 partial agonist TC-7020. TC-7020 could desensitize α7 NNRs located predominantly on dopamine neurons or glutamatergic afferents to them or, alternatively, activate α7 NNRs located on the glutamatergic afferents to GABAergic interneurons in the ventral tegmental area. Only the model based on desensitization, however, was able to explain the neutralizing effect of coapplied PNU-120596, a positive allosteric modulator. According to our results, the most likely sites of action are the preterminal α7 NNRs controlling glutamate release from cortical afferents to the nucleus accumbens. These findings offer a rationale for the further investigation of α7 NNR agonists as therapy for diseases associated with enhanced mesolimbic dopaminergic tone, such as schizophrenia and addiction
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.