Советская России глазами британских писателей в период между двумя мировыми войнами
The article analyses the works of English writers: B. Shaw, G. Wells, D. Orwell, S. Maugham between the two world wars in the context of the Soviet era. The research is based on the writers’ original texts. Their attitude towards Soviet Russia ranged from extremely negative to enthusiastically positive. Still, their contribution to the development of dialogue between two great cultures cannot be overestimated. Analysis of their work helps understand the reasons for
both disagreement and cooperation that resulted in the alliance of the countries in the world wars.
Keywords: British writers, Soviet Russia, Russian literature, Soviet-British relationships,
admiration for socialism, condemnation of Stalin’s socialism
Outstanding Polish historian and organizer of science, active in cooperation with Russian colleagues, academician Alexander Gieysztor (1916 - 1999) was born in Moscow, which his parents left for Poland after the conclusion of the Treaty of Riga in 1921. The history of Gieysztor's family, quite typical in terms of the generations of the "Russian" Poles represented in it, enables to touch upon a number of key points of Russian-Polish interaction such as hierarchy and dynamics of ethno-cultural identities, choice of strategies of behavior, Russophilia and Russophobia, migrations, cross-cultural dialogue, mechanisms of historical memory. The article is based on Polish and Russian materials including those, which are studied for the first time.
The article gives a systematic assessment of legal attitudes toward family and domestic violence in Soviet Russia to examine whether the incidence of family violence remained as high as it was in the pre-revolutionary period, whether forms of family violence changed due to the new regime and new legal categories, and whether and how the new gender regime (i.e., the proclaimed equality of women and men) influenced the state of family violence in Soviet Russia. The analysis reveals that the Soviet state used the concepts of “hooliganism” and “family-domestic crimes” as the legal frameworks to deal with family violence while the concept of the “problem family” was employed to suggest prevention policies against domestic violence. The article also addresses the problem of continuity in social and criminal policies of Russia within the current application of “traditional values” and explains why this concept is consistent with the Soviet past.
The collection offers articles dedicated to the Russian-Chinease literary relations, the image of China in the Western literary tradition and the vision of Russia in Chinese literature.
Anniversary collection of articles in honor of L.I.Sobolev includes works by his disciples and colleagues covering a broad range of the phililogical issues: the problems of Russian literature, European literature of the Middle Ages and of the 19 -20 centures, corpus linguistics, linguistic analysis of the literary texts, the questions of teaching of Russian literature at school.
The book consists of the three parts: scientific study, works on pedagogy and bibliografy of L. Sobolev prepared by A. Sobolev.
The book contains works of famous Russian critics and linguists, professors of leading Russian universities as well as articles by well-known teachers of Moscow schools, especially the gymnasium 1567.
Features of religion as way of the relation to the world and its influence on development of the Russian literature are considered. The spetsififichesky lines of religion defining features of outlook and strategy of social behavior of believers are marked out. The main vectors are specified in use of religious images and ideas within literary texts.
This article analyzes the concept of «historicism in perception», which corresponds to the formation of literary education. The paper argues that the formation of historicism in perception is possible only under the condition of reflection and analysis of the value of its own position, its relationship with the modern age and culture. This involves understanding the cultural and historical distance that separates the modern man from the author of classic works, perception of historical meaning in their dynamics and variability. As a practical application of this thesis is proposed to go from the analysis of works of contemporary literature to the understanding of works of classical literature, close to them on the issue and possibly a general intertextual field.
The memoirs of Jewish amateur writer P. Vengerova and Russian writer/educator E. Vodovozova have many commonalities in their plot lines. Yet the approaches of the memoirists towards the description of their childhood were different. While Vengerova builds her memoirs on the myth of the Golden Age of Jewish authenticity lost in the course of assimilation, Vodovozova perceived her childhood against the foil of Russian serf-ownership. The strategies and methods of the writers derived from their approaches.
"Semiotics of Scandal" is the third collection of the series "Mechanisms of culture". It presents the materials of an international conference held at the Center for Slavic studies (Sorbonne, Paris). The authors, using different methodologies, analyze different forms of scandal as one of the dominant categories of the literary process, history, and politics.