Инвестиции в строительство ферм крупного рогатого скота: тенденции и обзор практики региона
The given report is the result of implementation of the first component of the series of projects under the common title "Improving the use of economic instruments of water management in the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)", implemented under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Devlopment (OECD) in support of the water policy dialogue in the Republic of Buryatia in cooperation with the EU Water Initiative. The analytical report contains the results of the analysis of the use of economic instruments of water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia. According to the performed analysis some conclusions were made along with identification of key directions for improving application of instruments for water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia for further development within the framework of the project.
The monograph is devoted to the development problems of the dairy industry in Russia.
It reveals the features of innovative and investment development of dairy cattle farming in the Non-black soil regions of Russia. It is analyzed the influence of the state agricultural regulation and support system on the concentration and intensification processes, realization of comparative advantages of milk production in the Non-black soil region in the conditions of global competition in the food and resource market. The factors of increasing the efficiency of technological modernization of dairy cattle farming are investigated.
The study is intended to managers and specialists of agricultural government bodies, researchers, professors, Ph.D. students and everyone who is interested in problems of innovative development of agricultural sectors.
The solution of socially important problems by providing budget investments is a prerequisite for the successful development of a country as a whole as well as of a particular region. In terms of a limited budget there is a problem of projects selection. In the paper basic methods of public sector projects performance estimation (cost - benefit, cost - effectiveness, cost - utility) are compared. It is determined that these methods can help to increase the efficiency of scarce budgetary resources usage. However they cannot be applied in Russia without necessary adjustments since there are market imperfections, high costs of collecting necessary information, and other factors. Thus further development of performance estimation methods in the public sector of economics is needed.
The given report is the result of implementation of the project that constitutes a component of a series of projects under the general title "Improving the Use of Economic Instruments and Water Sector in the Republic of Buryatia (lake Baikal basin)", implemented on the commission of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in support for water policy dialogue in the Republic of Buryatia with the EU Water Initiative. The analytical report contains the results of the analysis of the use of economic instruments of water resources management in the Republic of Buryatia. Implemented analysis resulted in the development of some conclusions and identification of some key directions for improving instruments of water resource management of the Republic of Buryatia for further elaboration within the framework of the project.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.