Курильница как коммуникативный феномен: история одного музейного экспоната
The article is devoted to the issues of attribution and interpretation of one artifact from the exhibition of A.I. Herzen museum – a porcelain cassolette (incense burner) created at the Imperial Porcelain Factory in the last third of the 19th century. With a minimum amount of documentary information, the author explores the provenance of the artifact and seeks to decipher its symbolic connotation. The author examines the cultural and historical environment of the museum subject from its intended and real owners. The purpose of the study is to try to understand the language of the artifact and its ability to act as a source of information about historical figures and events, and thus explain its creation, far beyond the scope of its functional purpose. The author of the subject is the chief model of the Imperial Porcelain Factory Arthur Spiess, devoted his work to the creation of tableware and interior decoration items. But this artifact, according to the author of the article, goes beyond the framework of traditional genres of porcelain production and is associated with political and social processes characteristic of Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The author focuses on the communicative purpose of the object, which seems much wider than its functional denotation. This museum object became the object of research for the first time, detailed information about it is first introduced into scientific circulation. This is new material in Russian art history and communication science.