Вуз вне системы профессиональной подготовки специалистов как итог многолетних реформ российского высшего образования.
The article is devoted to the problem of a radical change in the resultant activity product of Russian universities over the past 30-35 years.
The authors believe that this change was caused by: a) the destruction of the Soviet system of higher education; b) the transfer of this system to Western models of the organization of its activities; c) the unification of diverse universities; d) the transfer of universities to a two-level system of education (bachelor-master); e) giving universities the right to form educational programs and earn money for their implementation, accepting applicants with a low level of training. It is these processes that have led to a significant increase in the number of domestic universities and students studying in them, whose training is carried out independently of the objective social need for various types of qualified personnel.
The university has ceased to be the final link in the system of professional training of personnel - activities where either the state or employing organizations acted as the customer for the final product. In fact, he became an organization providing educational services to the student and his parents (in fact, to the household). The higher education system in this form not only does not fulfill its social functions, but is wasteful and creates the potential for conflict due to the excess of formal holders of higher education for whom there is no place in the real economy.
The authors connect the development of the domestic higher education system with the allocation and differentiation into groups of a relatively small number of universities, the number of which will be correlated with the genre of the upcoming activities of graduates (research in the field of academic science, design and technological, design, educational and others), as well as - with reasonable forecasts of the needs of employers in various spheres of society.