УДОВОЛЬСТВИЕ, ФАНТАСТИКА И ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ ФАНАТСКИХ СООБЩЕСТВ
The validity of the concept of pleasure became evident in the context of debates on the study of popular culture. They demonstrated a growing signiﬁcance of the creative impact that diﬀerent audiences and communities make in contemporary culture. This idea became a departing point for a branch of cultural research of fan studies. Exploring of fan communities is important for science ﬁction studies because of the close relationship between the emergence of these communities and the development of the genre across diﬀerent media. Drawing on the research of Soviet sci-ﬁ cinema fan communities, the author oﬀ ers some observations on the reception of science ﬁction. The receptive strategies of these communities, which emerged on the margins of the post-Soviet literary fandom, are not determined by adherence to literary formulas and canonized genre models. Nostalgic emotions, practices of cult perception of cinematography, which refer to the collective experience and are implemented in various forms of fan activity, are gaining importance, which is fundamental for re-appropriating favourite movies within the framework of new media. However, the reference to this example is not limited to revealing the speciﬁ cs of Soviet ﬁ lm ﬁction as an object of fan reception, but also points to the need for comprehension of various types of experience - both cinematographic and literary, musical, etc. - in the context of the convergence of diﬀerent media that emerging in сontemporary culture.