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Article

Картирование образовательной программы: возможности применения в российском контексте

Педагогика. 2020. Т. 84. № 6. С. 58-67.
Чернобай Е. В., Лащук С. А.

The article discusses the lack of effective practices for school educational program development in Russian educational system. As an alternative to the existing practice, we suggest to consider a tool named curriculum mapping that is widely used by foreign schools for program development and optimization. A review of different aspects of this tool presented in the article allows to see how it can be applied in the Russian reality.

We demonstrate that the school curriculum documents, as it currently exists in Russian schools, tends to duplicate the Federal State Educational Standard and often does not reflect the special aspects of the implemented curriculum in a particular school. Curriculum mapping, on the other hand, allows to document the real educational process and involve the whole teaching staff in the work on its optimization. The article describes the basic principles of curriculum mapping and provides examples of curricular maps. To prove the effectiveness of the tool for improvement of the student learning outcomes, a review of previous studies is presented.

Curriculum mapping is compared to the actual practice of program development adopted in Russia, which reveals a range of advantages of this method. Curriculum mapping allows to fill in the gap between the official and the implemented curricula, to align the actual educational process with the standards, to involve teachers in the educational program development. Moreover, it provides space for the interdisciplinary connections. The relevance of these features for the Russian educational system is emphasized.