Картирование образовательной программы: возможности применения в российском контексте
The article discusses the lack of effective practices for school educational program development in Russian educational system. As an alternative to the existing practice, we suggest to consider a tool named curriculum mapping that is widely used by foreign schools for program development and optimization. A review of different aspects of this tool presented in the article allows to see how it can be applied in the Russian reality.
We demonstrate that the school curriculum documents, as it currently exists in Russian schools, tends to duplicate the Federal State Educational Standard and often does not reflect the special aspects of the implemented curriculum in a particular school. Curriculum mapping, on the other hand, allows to document the real educational process and involve the whole teaching staff in the work on its optimization. The article describes the basic principles of curriculum mapping and provides examples of curricular maps. To prove the effectiveness of the tool for improvement of the student learning outcomes, a review of previous studies is presented.
Curriculum mapping is compared to the actual practice of program development adopted in Russia, which reveals a range of advantages of this method. Curriculum mapping allows to fill in the gap between the official and the implemented curricula, to align the actual educational process with the standards, to involve teachers in the educational program development. Moreover, it provides space for the interdisciplinary connections. The relevance of these features for the Russian educational system is emphasized.
Proceedings of the 16th International interdisciplinary scientific multiconference “Information Society”, considering topical technical and social problems of modern information society
New approaches in adult education are studied in the article. Specific particularities of instructors' professional activities in business-education are determined by the author. Special attention is given to the active methods of education in the adults' education process.
The results of a pilot study on the role of professional activity in the structure of integral individuality of primary school teachers
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.