Авиастроение в России: факторы конкурентоспособности и перспективы развития
This paper overviews the Russian aircraft building industry and its most significant factors. It contains analysis of the main determinants of the industry competitiveness, its strong and weak sides, the perspectives of its development. It also reveals the key competitive factors for aircraft producers in Russia (the production factors; the internal demand; the clusters; the strategy) according to M. Porter’s Competitive Advantages theory.
The article describes the principle conditions making the combined the combined rail-road transportation more attractive than straight trucking. Combined transportation is examined as a market product. It is underlined that the combined transportation projects should be based on the analysis of the market players' behaviour, interests and inter-relations aas well as on the special features of the particular transport flows.
The article analyzes the issue of Russia»s accession to the WTO and the need to improve its national competitiveness. The key competitiveness factors of national economies and the country's rating by the global competitiveness index are determined. The writer believes that the country»s position by the indicator in question could be strengthened by the advanced development of education and improvement of the innovative capacity based on the coordinated actions by the government and private businesses.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.