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Article

Size Effects in Nanocrystalline Thoria

The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2019. Vol. 123. No. 37. P. 23167-23176.
Plakhova T., Romanchuk A., Likhosherstova D., Baranchikov A., Dorovatovskii P., Svetogorov R., Shatalova T., Egorova T., Trigub A., Kvashnina K., Ivanov V., Kalmykov S.

The facile chemical precipitation method and subsequent thermal treatment were shown to be suitable for preparation of crystalline ThO2 nanoparticles (NPs) in a wide range of particle sizes (from 2.5 to 34.3 nm). The obtained NPs were investigated with X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray absorption techniques to find out the possible size effects associated with nanocrystalline thoria. For 2.5 nm NPs, the lattice parameter of ThO2 was found to increase by up to 1.1%, in comparison with the bulk material. The decrease in the particle size was also accompanied by a significant decrease in the Th–Th coordination number.