Духовность как индикатор качества жизни, связанного с психическим здоровьем
The problem of new existential states that psychologists or psychiatrists are facing in their practice in relation to accelerating changes in human existence is discussed. The classifications of mental illnesses are replenished with new nosological units and treatment recommendations, because of a changing world. The definition of health as the absence of disease becomes untenable due to its inability to shed light on the nature of the pathologies. Understanding health in terms of psychological well-being is the most perspective nowadays. Various authors recognize spirituality as one of the integral components of human well-being. Researchers attribute to spirituality the function, which has moderating effects (reduced or leveled) of stressors and adverse life circumstances on human well-being. The work poses the problem of spiritual health as the possibility of mastering spiritual experience and its integration into a personality worldview. This substantiated that spirituality is recognized as a special field of quality of life research, and spiritual health and psychological well-being have heuristic potential in the context of psychiatry.