Shared Past, Different Future? Russian and Georgian Authorities’ Discourse Concerning Homosexuality
Russian and Georgian people share not only a common history but also a relatively
common negative view on LGBT rights. Russia still does not have anti-discrimination
laws and regulates ‘homosexual propaganda’. In contrast, Georgia has discrimination
protection on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. Why is public
opinion in one country deteriorating alongside the passing of anti-discrimination
laws, while in the other country, with little improvement in public opinion, it is prohibited
to ‘propagandize homosexuality’? We explain how authorities discursively
shape institutional changes related to LGBT rights. We assume that the formation of
institutions is possible in the process of discursive struggle when actors defend their
ideas and meanings about LGBT. Our argument addresses the theoretical framework
of institutional change and queer linguistics. We analyze discursive changes in Georgian
and Russian authorities debates from 2013 until 2019.
For a long time, the issues of sexual orientation and gender identity have been restrained from entering the legal arena as being regarded as too radical. In today’s society, these issues warrant consideration in the context of international criminal law. Critically reflecting on the way of placing these grounds within the international criminal law framework, this paper tries to unpack the sheer possibility of addressing them within the core international crimes. Correctly defining terms such as “sexual orientation” and “gender” is not only germane, but also necessary for international criminal law to tackle them accordingly. By doing so, the power of legal argumentation in international criminal law for protecting sexual minorities is strengthened, but its boundaries and vulnerabilities are also exposed. This paper proposes that the described massive violation of the most fundamental human rights should be legally qualified as persecution. For protecting sexual minorities on an international criminal law scale, it is argued that we are not really “there” yet, but we might just be on the right track.
The article deconstructs the frames of homosexuality by society, the authorities, and the homosexuals as a result of the legislative prohibition of “homosexual’s propaganda” on the basis of the search queries interpretations. The anti-gay law has identified two trends with three frames in the perception of homosexuality but did not produce new frames, because the authorities are not given full rights to framing homosexuality. On the one hand, we see the articulation of the negative-attitude towards homosexuality in government discourse and negatively-biased part of society. On the other hand, we can see changes of homosexuals’ attitudes and formation gay-friendly community. Framing focused public attention on the problems of the homosexual community and has opened the possibility to the recognition of sexual minorities. In the article, I propose search analysis requests as a method of framing success.
The paper considers the specifcs of the construction of the same-sex marriage discussion which is a focus area for LGBT. The empirical basis of the study is news stories reported by four Russia newspapers during the legalization of same-sex marriage in the USA. The theoretical basis of the study is the framing theory which describes the construction of logic of news stories perceived by the audience. The author provides a cluster analysis of the most highlighted topics.
The study shows that the discussion is determined by four frames: danger frame, «neutral» frame, moral frame and equality frame. The most commonly used frame is the danger frame: the spread of same-sex marriage is perceived as an effect of external inﬂuences that poses a threat to state and society. The second most commonly used frame is «neutral» frame used by those authors who try to be non-judgmental and whose news reporting is limited to fact-based information. The frames of moral and equality, mainly typical for the American media, are rare in the Russian media. The moral frame refers to ethical and religious condemnation of same-sex marriage. The equality frame highlights the importance of giving equal rights to homosexuals. On the whole, the Russian media narrative devoted to same-sex marriage appears to be either negative or neutral.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.