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  • Являются ли кластеры эффективными для развития промышленных предприятий в странах с бывшей плановой экономикой?

Article

Являются ли кластеры эффективными для развития промышленных предприятий в странах с бывшей плановой экономикой?

Пространственная экономика. 2019. Т. 15. № 4. С. 126-148.

Albeit being a trending topic in the world’s research literature, clusters have not been
fully explored in the case of former planned economies with their specific peculiarities.
In particular, there is little empirical research on Russian clusters. Therefore, the history
of the formation and the conditions for the functioning of clusters in these countries have
their own specific features. A study of Russian clusters allows us to compare their results
with similar data for other countries, which indicate the presence of a positive effect
for enterprises from working in a cluster, although not in all cases. The paper examines
the effect of operating as part of a cluster for industrial enterprises in Russia. The main
method of study is regression analysis of the production function with the binary variable
‘Cluster’. The targets of the study are industrial enterprises in 15 clusters in Russia that
receive support from government programs. The reference group included businesses
that are similar to those in the study group in terms of specialization and number of
employees and are located in Russian regions with no clusters. Enterprises for the control
group were selected according to the similarity of the type of economic activity and
the size of the enterprise. In total, data were collected on the results of 368 enterprises,
for the period from 2006 to 2015. Data was used as panel data.Financial and economic
indicators for industrial enterprises were retrieved from the Ruslana database. Therefore,
the results enable us to conclude, that in Russia in considered industrial sectors, in
general, businesses, located in clusters, are more efficient, than ones outside clusters, but
the degree of such efficiency is not high. These results do not completely correlate with
foreign ones, where the researcher usually notes more pronounced effects.