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Article

ТЕАТР В ПРЕДВОЕННОЙ СОВЕТСКОЙ ШКОЛЕ И ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ ФРОНТОВОГО ПОКОЛЕНИЯ

The article reconstructs theatrical work and stage art in the educational activities of the prewar
school. Weakly reflected in modern scientific literature, these areas of school affairs have not
been studied at all from the point of view of the formation of action schemes, skills that were
fundamental for yesterday's schoolchildren in the space of war. The reconstruction of the school
work of the pre-war time based on published and archival sources shows the great importance
that was attached to the formation of students' skills of switching to different modes of perceiving
the world, self-identification with other people's experience and life circumstances. It was
this ability acquired in school years to enter different role models that actively helped young
front-line soldiers to quickly master as junior and middle-level commanders and establish companionship
with age-old colleagues who have completely different life baggage. And the roles
in the plays of military content, played or seen in the school theater, became a kind of initiatory
practice, which contributed to adaptation to the real military situation. The article reveals the
methods of conducting lessons and extracurricular activities using theatrical and entertainment
elements, which laid in students an emotional, tinted and unambiguously intolerant attitude towards
all forms of social oppression and social injustice. These reactions, which became part of
the “habitual memory” of students, determined the violent rejection of the enemy, with its goals
of enslaving the peoples of the USSR, from the first days of the war. The article discusses models
of heroic behavior in the war, which were formed with the help of the theater and reflected in
the specific heroic achievements of recent schoolchildren.