Spoof plasmons enable giant Raman scattering enhancement in Near-Infrared region
Exceptionally strong enhancement of the Raman signal exceeding eight orders of magnitude for near-infrared (1064 nm) excitation is demonstrated for an array of dielectric submicron pillars covered by a relatively thick metal layer. The microstructure is designed to support ‘spoof’ plasmon-polariton excitations with resonant frequencies significantly below the fundamental surface plasmon resonance. Experiments reveal a relatively narrow range of spatial parameters for the optimal resonant scattering enhancement. They include a period close to the excitation wavelength, a specific ratio of the pillar planar size to the period, and optimal heights of both the pillars and the covering silver metal layer. The realized microstructures can be produced by fab-compatible photolithography techniques, and their outstanding sensing possibilities open the venue for the biomedical applications.
Apart from the main plasmon-polariton resonance of the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) occurring at 480 - 530 nm, an additional resonance was observed for substrates with two silver layers separated by a dielectric layer which support extra plasmon modes with decreased group velocities. The novel SERS resonance is shifted towards lower energies and has comparable amplitude,its exact energy position being determined by the thickness of the dielectric interlayer. The experimental findings provide a ground for the engineering of SERS-substrates with the spectral position of the additional resonance matched with the photon energy of the pump laser over a fairly wide range of laser wavelengths.
The possibilities of obtaining ordered gold nanoarrays on sapphire surfaces with oriented nanorelief are demonstrated. The structures are morphologically described using atomic force microscopy data. A study of the angular dependence of the reflectivity in the visible range of electromagnetic waves has revealed some features which are likely to indicate surface plasmon-polariton excitation at the air-gold interface under exposure to p-polarized radiation. The experimental results are found to be in good agreement with the theoretical calculations.
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The Conference reflects the modern state of innovation in education, science, industry and social-economic sphere, from the standpoint of introducing new information technologies.
It is interesting for a wide range of researchers, teachers, graduate students and professionals in the field of innovation and information technologies.
We present development of large active area superconducting single-photon detectors well coupled with standard 50 µm-core multi-mode fiber. The sensitive area of the SSPD is patterned using the photon-number-resolving design and occupies an area of 40×40 µm2 . Using this approach, we have obtained excellent specifications: system detection efficiency of 47% measured using a 900 nm laser and low dark count rate of 100 cps. The main advantages of the approach presented are a very short dead time of the detector of 22 ns and FWHM jitter value of about 130 ps.
Due to losses in metals, the propagation length of the surface plasmon-polariton (SPP) waves on metal surfaces is small. This severely limits development of numerous applications of the SPP optics: in the near-infrared spectral region propagation length of SPP waves is no longer than 200 μm as for plane SPP waves and for all types of SPP waveguides. In this work, we show that the focusing of SPPs allows for the first time realizing open-type waveguide for SPP waves characterized by long distance of SPP effective propagation length up to 1 mm at a wavelength of 780 nm. We show that focused SPP waves in such a waveguide can be effectively excited by a 16 fs laser as well as be amplitude modulated within a bandwidth about 3.5 THz. The fast dynamics of the focused SPP waves is limited by the SPP group velocity dispersion. The large effective propagation length of the SPPs and its ultrahigh bandwidth open up new possibilities for using focused SPPs in different areas of plasmonics and photonics.
This volume contains the papers presented at the session "Data Science" within the V International Conference on Information Technology and Nanotechnology (ITNT-2019). The conference was held in Samara, Russia, during May 21-24, 2019 (itnt-conf.org). The conference is a forum for leading researchers from all over the world aimed to discuss the latest advances in the basic and applied research in the field of Information Technology and Nanotechnology. It is also aimed to attract young people to advanced scientific research and share the latest trends in training and research programs for future ITNT specialists . In addition to the session "Data Science", ITNT-2019 also included three other sessions: "Computer Optics and Nanophotonics", "Image Processing and Earth Remote Sensing" and "Mathematical Modeling of Physico-Technical Processes and Systems". The whole forum brought together more than 450 scientists from United Kindom, Japan, Switzerland, Iran, Poland, Bulgaria, Finland, China, Kazakhstan and Russia, as well as representatives of global high-tech corporations, developers of modern electronics – Huawei, Nvidia, Intel, and Azimuth Photonics, and more than 60 cities in the world. 436 talks enabled discussion on a wide range of topics. The topics of the session "Data Science" were grouped into the following key directions: Data Mining (Big data, Systems and platforms, Methods); Machine Learning (Neural networks, Statistical methods, Feature-based classification, Applications); Security, Cryptography (Cryptosystems design and analysis, Mathematical and algorithmic aspects, Efficient implementations of algorithms, Network security); High Performance Computing (Parallel programming models and languages, Highperformance implementations, Complex systems simulation).
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.