Опыт экспериментального исследования адаптационных компетенций арабских и индийских студентов
The article presents the results of a comprehensive socio–psychological study, including qualitative and quantitative methods. The role of cultural factor in the formation of adaptation mechanisms of foreign students studying in Russian Universities is demonstrated.The number of international students is one of the indicators of how successful an institution is on the world market of educational services. The international character of modern education can be noticed in the increase of academic mobility and the growth of numbers of international students. Most often, people manage to adapt to a new socio-cultural environment by making changes to their stereotypes and behavioural patterns; however, they remain internally alienated from the
social environment. Increasing popularity of the subject of international students and creating a favourable educational environment for them in Russia makes the researchers interested in studying the peculiarities of how such students adapt to radically new living and learning conditions. Successful adaptation ensures fast integration into the learning process and overall increase in quality of education for those young people.
The results of the presented study contribute to the identification of coping strategies, adaptation features, and anticipatory mechanisms depending on the cultural affiliation. The respondents were representatives of polychronic, polyactive and highly contextual culture - students from Arab countries (n = 64) and the representatives of low contextual and polychronous cultures - students from India (n = 73) studying in Russia from one to three years. It is easier to adapt to the learning process to the Arabic-speaking students, they are more involved in a group, and situational anticipatory competence is more developed among them than among the representatives of polychronic and low contextual culture (Indian students). At the same time, Indians are more eager to seek social support, and it is extremely difficult for them to predict situations associated with time and interpersonal communication.