Трофейные фильмы в СССР в 1940–1950–е годы: к практикам кинопроката
This paper considers the strategies of trophy films exhibition in the USSR during the first postwar. Through analyzing transcripts of film official’s sessions, resolutions of the Council of Ministers of the USSR and other archival sources, this research is aimed to reconstruct the history of exhibition and circulation of foreign films in the frames of Soviet model of distribution. As multiple studies have shown, the circulation of trophy films was aimed to fulfill the governmental budget. Last but not least, the Soviet film distribution system implied the coexistence of several types of film networks (state network, trade union network, ministerial network), each of which had to fulfill the annual plan of profits. This decentralization resulted in the networks to compete with each other. Under these circumstances, trophy films became a valuable source of revenues. This article shows how the practices of this inter-network competition, such as spreading of Soviet and foreign films, the struggle for cinema theatres, advertising and film exhibition policies, have influenced the history of film distribution in the USSR.