Recent developments in international football governance seem to be progressively leading toward an increasing use of technological devices for refereeing purposes. Opponents to change are often portrayed as old-fashioned or conservative. Philosophy might be of some help to overcome the dispute. In this paper, we first explore several concepts that are central to the current debate on football refereeing. Then, we determine the business of referees in relation to rules. We assess different arguments displayed regarding the role of chance and skills in competitions. Finally, we argue for the idea of referees as full players in football games.
This is the first fundamental textbook on the problems of regulation football. It introduced the concept of football law as the latest substructure of sports law and part of the legal system. The author generalized, systematized and commented the existing legal base in the field of football. The practice of application of regulations is analyzed, areas of improvement is identified. The experience of football relations regulation in foreign countries is analyzed. For students, graduate students and teachers of economics, jurisprydence and physical cultura schools and faculties, researchers, sports managers and sports agents, legal specialists, employees of sports organizations and the relevant governing bodies, athletes, coaches, referees and sports doctors, to all citizens engaged in physical culture and sports.
Football in Russian poetry
The new concept of football law as a modern substructure of sports law and legal system element is introduced. The existing legal base in the field of football is summarized, organized and analyzed. It is substantiated football law as the latest sphere of scientific jurisprudence and academic discipline, their content and structure are defined. Much attention is paid to the regulation of administrative relations in football.
In this paper we deal with mathematical modeling of team sport games based on cellular automata (CA). We describe some developments of CA models of football. Presumable learning and optimization problems in team modeling based on CA are discussed. Some general problems are discussed which are related to the accounting of mentality of game participants.
Research question: This paper investigates how football sponsorship influences the financial performance of sponsors. We suggest a new instrumental variable to avoid endogeneity.
Research methods: We use an instrumental variable regression framework combined with a fixed effects model. The number of tweets containing both team and sponsor names are collected to use as the instrumental variable.
Results and findings: We analyze top European leagues. Our results show that football sponsorship is more charity than commercial investment. The analysis of determinants of becoming a sponsor and sponsorship amount shows that companies owned by individuals are more likely to become a sponsor.
Implications: Shareholders should be aware of sponsorship deals, and senior management should analyze the financial assumptions of such projects carefully.
The 12th International Symposium of Computer Science in Sports (IACSS 2019), took place July 8-10, 2019 at Marchuk Institute of Numerical Mathematics of the Russian Academy of Science and the Moscow Center of Advanced Sports Technologies (MCAST), both situated in Moscow, Russia. The symposium continued a tradition of conferences starting in 1997 at Cologne, Germany, which were held biennially and travelled through many countries and continents since then. Though the topics of the presentations have changed, the aims of the symposium are still the same. The symposium engages in building links between computer science and sports science, and showcases a wide variety of applications of computer science techniques to a wide number of problems in sports and exercise sciences. Moreover, it provides a platform for researchers in both computer science and sports science for mutual understanding, discussing the respective ideas, and promoting cross-disciplinary research. This year the symposium addressed the following topics: Computer Science Sports and Exercise Science - Modeling and Simulation - Biomechanics and Neuromuscular Control - Sports Data Acquisition Systems - Exercise Physiology and Sports Medicine - Image and Video Processing - Performance Development and Analysis - Sports Data Analysis - Training, Coaching and Feedback - Machine Learning and Data Mining - Modelling of Adaptation, Fatigue, and Performance - Visualization and Visual Analytics - Optimization of Strategies for Best Performance - Presentation, Communication - Movement, Motor Control and Learning - Decision Support - Sports Management - Robotics - Virtual Reality - Digital Games We received 118 abstract submissions and all of them underwent reviews by the Program Committee...