The transformation of gender visualization in photography: Soviet and Russian multisemiotics
The article is devoted to the analysis of the construction of new system of gender images in the socio- political conditions in Russia during the last thirty ages. Based on Kress and Van Leeuwen multisemiotic theory and the ideas A. Dudareva, I.Groshev and M. Petrova, we conducted a research of gender images of women in the Soviet Union and modern Russian advertising. The data comes from 300 images of the Russian men and women in advertising. These 300 images were specifically chosen by the author in order to be acceptable for coding. As the result of the study, we developed the typology of gender images of woman in Russian advertisement. Our conclusion was that economic, political and socio-cultural factors were the main factors in the transformation of gender images in modern Russia. The gender of a woman, her body and figures as shown in the media, very often were object of sexual exploitation, when the impact of using the image and play with human sexual passion forces her to commit certain actions, such as buying goods. This characteristic of our commercialization of gender images turns a person, both men and women, into a commodity. Gender is becoming the object that can be purchased and can be enjoyed.