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Regular version of the site

Article

The Solar Wind and Heliospheric Current System in the Years of Maximum and Minimum Solar Activity

Cosmic Research. 2018. Vol. 56. No. 6. P. 411-419.
Maiewski E. V., Kislov R. A., Malova H. V., Khabarova O. V., Popov V., Petrukovich A. A.

Within the axisymmetric MHD model of the solar wind, the magnetic field of the Sun has been
analyzed in two phases of the solar cycle: the minimum activity, when the dipole magnetic field dominates
and the maximum activity, when the quadrupole field predominates. It has been shown that during the period
of maximum solar activity, the heliospheric current sheet acquires a conical shape and shifts to high latitudes
up to 30° above the ecliptic plane. In the opposite hemisphere, at the same latitudes, a second current sheet
of conical shape with an azimuth current of the opposite direction is established. It has been shown that the
profiles of the main characteristics of the solar wind become steeper with distance from the Sun, and their
amplitudes decrease, in this case, for the quadrupole field, the dependences of the main characteristics of the
solar wind are more complex. A comparison of the results of the model with averaged characteristics of the
solar wind shows a good match between the observed values and model parameters.