Оценочные исследования в социальной политике:международный контекст
The article analyses the process of institutionalization of evaluation studies in some Western countries. Based on the overview of the key publications on the subject, the author considers structures and mechanisms of interaction between participants of evaluation studies. The paper discusses rationality and legitimization of the evaluation studies by case study of Finland.
All the members of education al community recognize the importance of critical thinking. It is also of highest importance for the job market for which people are often prepared by higher education institutions. The challenge facing these institutions is to raise an adequate level of critical thinking among university graduates. Nevertheless little research aimed to find strategies facilitating critical reasoning is being conducted in Russia. The findings of the foreign studies suggest that in order to develop critical thinking students need to participate in project activities (both group and individual activities) and to make presentations. Taken into consideration different cultural differences between Russian and foreign students and specific educational traditions, it is difficult to immediately apply the results of the foreign studies in Russia. The article is focused on the relationship between student project work and presentations and the development of critical reasoning in the Russian universities. The study is based on the results of the SuperTest project which compares the educational achievements of engineering students from Russian, Chinese and American technical universities. Using regression analysis the author proves that the situation in the Russian universities differs from the situation abroad: the level of critical thinking is negatively related to student project activity and presentations.
The paper proposes a corpus analysis of a Russian adjective slavnyj. Its semantic evolution is analyzed through its distribution in XVIII-XXI centuries texts, including the main types of its usages, its main meanings, and possible shifts from one meaning to another. It is shown that the initial semantics of ‘being famous’ that the adjective slavnyj expresses up to the beginning of the XIX century gives rise to the idea of strong positive evaluation. Slavnyj is very frequent as a positive marker during the XIX century, and then it gradually loses its intrinsic expressiveness. Nowadays, this adjective became much less frequent, having undergone a peculiar meaning shift: it marks a moderate compliment. While the grammaticalization pattern of slavnyj represents a well known shift ‘famous’ => ‘good’ (as a specific case of a more general pattern ‘differing from the others’ => ‘good’) widely attested crosslinguistically, the further stage of the semantic evolution of the word slavnyj appears to be more exotic.
An IT security vulnerability can be considered as an inherent weakness in a target system that could be exploited by a threat source. The underlying hypothesis in our proposal is that each identified attribute associated with the target entity to be controlled should show the highest quality satisfaction level as an elementary indicator. The higher the quality indicator value achieved per each attribute, the lower the vulnerability indicator value and therefore the potential impact from the risk standpoint. In the present work, we discuss the added value of supporting the IT security and risk assessment areas with measurement and evaluation (M&E) methods and strategy, which are based on metrics and indicators. Also we illustrate excerpts of an M&E case study for characteristics and attributes of Security, and their potential risk assessment.
The economy of modern Russia is characterized by a number of problems: unemployment and the unemployed population, new requirements on the part of employers for vocational education, the discrepancy between the employers ’personnel needs and the professional capabilities of university graduates. All this is a consequence of the disagreement of the most important areas of modern society - the labor market and education. The increasing complexity of tasks requiring solutions in practice leads to an increase in employers' requirements for the level of training of graduates, which underlies the existing imbalance in the labor market according to qualitative criteria. The article presents the results of neural network modeling of the interaction of subjects of labor markets and educational services. It is shown that to assess the quality of training of specialists according to the criterion of meeting the needs of the regional labor market, indicators of the efficiency of higher education institutions can be used...
This paper explores the connection between marketing practices and financial indicators in the Russian emerging market, based on the methodology known as Contemporary marketing practices project (CMP) developed at Auckland University, which helps to generalize marketing practices and classify them.
Extending current research, I identify the marketing styles that are associated with best financial practices at Russian firms. Comparative marketing practices in developed countries are introduced along with current research on emerging markets. This study does not explain practice, but identifies the characteristics that can be used in models and for understanding how styles can differ across markets.
I intend to use the data provided by the research project on marketing practices carried out in NRU HSE. The data was collected in 2013; it uses standardized questionnaire and groups of organizations that are identified by cluster analysis (it uses the translation into Russian of standardized on-line questionnaire from CMP project). I am going to examine more closely the relation between firms financial performance in each particular type of practices by LISREL. I am going to get information about financial performance from SPARK database. I expect that there will be strong connection between marketing type and firm’s financial indicators. Moreover, there will be industries, which have not got such relationship. I will test the hypothesis that there is correlation between different marketing types and organizations‘ performance success. (H1) More successful companies will be in relational or hybrid clusters. (H2) There is no relationship between marketing type and financial results in B2B goods sector. (H3)
Taking a comparative framework, as this thesis does, and setting Russian practice in two contexts, that of European practice and that of emerging markets, is supposed to yield new important information about potential linkages between the type of marketing practice and productivity and explain why the Russian situation is different from that in Europe. In its broadest significance, this thesis clarifies how the usage of relational and transactional marketing can differ in outcome among different countries and how to measure marketing activities of the company. Moreover, the database, which will be collected in the research, is planned to be a ground for benchmarking, which is one more benefit for entrepreneurs.
Nowadays, mind mapping is a rather popular educational technique. Moreover, mind maps became a part of modern educational trends like blended learning and computer-supported collaborative learning. Lots of mind mapping software tools are adopted to teaching and learning routines such as educational content delivery or assessment. This paper focuses on the additional automatic evaluation of digital educational mind maps gained from the existing procedures of assessments. The review of automatic graders which support the evaluation process demonstrated that some systematical work is done in automation grading by comparing students’ mind maps with a template. But lots of questions about automatic mind maps’ scoring by retrieving the data from a scored mind map are still open. This paper introduces the automatic grader for educational mind maps (AGEMM) which acts like a teacher’s assistant and calculates several quantitative metrics. The AGEMM is implemented as a web-service and interacted with digital mind maps prepared in the Coggle web-service through its API. The AGEMM is adopted to the Scientific Research Seminar of “Marketing” bachelor program in National Research University Higher School of Economics (Perm). Results demonstrate that scores from the AGEMM may be transformed to scales or criterial levels which are used to evaluation. Moreover, the AGEMM application revealed several problems and shew lines of development which we discuss in the paper.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.