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Article

Легенда о Зариадре и Одатиде и ее отражение у Афинея (XIII. 575)

Вестник древней истории. 2016. Т. 76. № 4. С. 956-972.
А. А. Амбарцумян

The article deals with the problems of etymology of the originally Iranian name Zariadres, which was attested in the classic sources in respect to the Median ruler Zariadres, brother of Hystaspes, and to  the Armenian general Zariadres (in Armenian transmission – Zareh, Aramaic – Zaritr, Zarehr). The research is based on the analyses of the Legend on Zariadres and Odatis, retold by the Greek writer Athenaeus in his work, with the reference to Chares of Mytilene, on the review of the Armenian epigraphic monuments: delimitating stelae with the inscriptions of king Artaxias I, on which the older forms of the name Zariadres were recorded. A special attention is given to the explanation of correspondence of the forms of the cognate names of Median Zariadres, Armenian Zareh, Pahlavi Zarēr, and Avestan Zairivairi, represented in a number of ancient and medieval literary writings. Some new variants of etymology for Zariadres are also suggested.