Industrial production zones as a tool of development of the regional economy (on the example of the republic of Tatarstan and the Sverdlovsk region)
At the present time, during the period of integration and globalization, free economic zones or, as they are called in Russia, special economic zones, become a regular fixture in the world economic practice, and are an integral part of domestic and international economic relations. This issue has been studied by foreign and domestic economists for several decades. However, when writing this paper, the authors noted the absence of a single terminology and conceptual apparatus in relation to special economic zones. This is due to the different views and goals put by individual specialists in the term under investigation. The paper assesses the activities of special economic zones (SEZs) of industrial production type, and analyzes the results of their operation in the Russian Federation. The regional economy was considered as an object of the study, and the industrial production SEZs were assigned to the subject. The methodical approaches and practical recommendations presented in the paper are aimed at realizing the potential of free economic zones: increasing investment in facilities, applying modern technical developments, and organizing clusters that will ensure high competitiveness of the regions. The recommendations on the influence of economic entities on the development of the national economic complex, applied in the paper, on developing federal and regional regulatory legal acts, or on developing measures that improve the functioning of individual economic entities are specified in the paper.