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Article

Дэниел Эверетт и Бенджамин Уорф: лингвистические и нелингвистические параллели

This article analyzes the similarities between the scientific biographies of Benjamin Lee Whorf, one of the authors of the hypothesis of linguistic relativity, and Daniel Everett, who described the Pirahã language. It discusses their roles in contemporary scientific communities and society in general, as well as their views and achievements. The analysis examines the similarity of their scientific destinies, the tremendous success of their theoretical constructions, outstepping the boundaries of linguistics, and the associated critical impact on their reputations. However questionable might be the accuracy of specific observations, it does not change the value of the discussions they provoked. The role of the hypothesis of linguistic relativity in science is determined not by its verity, but by the array of studies for which it has become both a methodology and an incentive. Everett participates in the construction of its new version, that is a complex and interdisciplinary study of language and culture in correlation with the norms of behavior and thinking.