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Regular version of the site

Article

An Improvement on the Rado Bound for the Centerline Depth

Discrete and Computational Geometry. 2018. Vol. 59. No. 2. P. 477-505.
Magazinov A., Pór A.

Let $\mu$ be a Borel probability measure in $\mathbb R^d$. For a $k$-flat $\alpha$ consider the value $\inf \mu(H)$, where $H$ runs through all half-spaces containing $\alpha$. This infimum is called the {\it half-space depth} of $\alpha$.

Bukh, Matou\v{s}ek and Nivasch conjectured that for every $\mu$ and every $0 \leq k < d$ there exists a $k$-flat with
the depth at least $\tfrac{k + 1}{k + d + 1}$. The Rado Centerpoint Theorem implies a lower bound of $\tfrac{1}{d + 1 - k}$ {\it (the Rado bound)}, which is, in general, much weaker. Whenever the Rado bound coincides with the bound conjectured by Bukh, Matou\v{s}ek and Nivasch, i.e., for $k = 0$ and $k = d - 1$, it is known to be optimal.

In this paper we show that for all other pairs $(d, k)$ one can improve on the Rado bound. If $k = 1$ and $d \geq 3$ we show that there is a 1-dimensional line with the depth at least $\tfrac{1}{d} + \tfrac{1}{3d^3}$. As a corollary, for all $(d, k)$ satisfying $0 < k < d - 1$ there exists a $k$-flat with depth at least $\tfrac{1}{d + 1 - k} + \tfrac{1}{3(d + 1 - k)^3}$.