Cooking Up a New Everyday: Communal Kitchens in the Revolutionary Era, 1890-1935
“Cooking Up a New Everyday: Communal Kitchens in the Revolutionary Era, 1890-1935.” Revolutionary Russia 29, No. 2 (December 2016): 211-233
The collection is dedicated to the memory of the outstanding domestic historian A.P. Corelin. It includes memories of A.P. Corelin, as well as scientific articles of colleagues and pupils on the economic, political, social and cultural history of Russia of various epochs.
Main concern of our study is the position of women in organisations which constitute Russian Federation system of government. Women are concentrated in low paid and low status positions presupposing routine work without being involved in decision making. Our research is based on 32 semi-structured interviews with young women having experience of work in state administration. Interviews were subject to qualitative text analysis in order to discover main themes which are important to this group of women in relation to their jobs. This article is concerned with the ideas they form on the issue of whether state administration is rather “feminine” or “masculine” sphere of work, and why women here do not occupy the highest positions. On the one hand, continuing stereotypical division of labour was revealed: into the feminine (being an assistant, organising things, or more intellectual analytical or PR individual work) and masculine (power, highest responsibility). Yet, on the other, some counter-stereotypical ideas were unveiled. The studied group of women is characterized by a high self-esteem and aspiration to intellectual expert self-realisation. Accordingly, women in Russian state administration, as a rule, do not aspire to the highest positions, but express aspiration to expert career. They are not satisfied with routine work and low salaries, so they try to find positions with higher payments or work longer. This might be associated with their high educational levels which creates high career expectations and self-esteem. Lack of aspiration to the highest positions of power might be associated with perceived incompatibility of such positions with socially stereotypical “woman’s personal life” which is considered to be in any case more time consuming than that of a man.
The book is a study of the daily life of a small provincial town of central Russia throughout the 18th century. It examines the composition of the city’s population, the occupations of its inhabitants, their relationships with relatives and neighbors, conflicts in the urban environment, and cases of deviant behavior.
This review article is the analysis of recent historiography on the issue of military efficiency of the Russian officer corps in 1800–1914. The author reviews three monographs published not long ago (Gudrun Persson's book on Russian military thinking of the second part of the 19th century, John W. Steinberg's research on Russian General Staff in late 19th – early 20th century and Dmitrii Kopelev's study of the German party in the Russian Navy and Fleet) and gives an interpretation of academic research of the theme, approaches applied and findings presented.
The memoirs of Jewish amateur writer P. Vengerova and Russian writer/educator E. Vodovozova have many commonalities in their plot lines. Yet the approaches of the memoirists towards the description of their childhood were different. While Vengerova builds her memoirs on the myth of the Golden Age of Jewish authenticity lost in the course of assimilation, Vodovozova perceived her childhood against the foil of Russian serf-ownership. The strategies and methods of the writers derived from their approaches.