Референдум о членстве Британии в ЕС в контексте консерватизма Дэвида Кэмерона
The Referendum on British Membership of the European Union in the Context of David CameronвЂ™s Conservatism
This article investigates David CameronвЂ™s promise to hold a referendum on BritainвЂ™s membership of the EU in the context of the prime-ministerвЂ™s conservatism. The demand for the referendum is the logical end of evolution of his euroscepticism under the influence of political circumstances. The authorвЂ™s idea is that this promise is of internal political nature. This measure helps to solve the problem of party competition and neutralize the right-wing rival вЂ“ the United Kingdom Independence Party.
The article considers the problem of changes in the political development of Great Britain in the late 2000s. The author assesses the role of the 2008-2010 global financial crisis in the exacerbation of inter-party confrontation and the modernization of organizational structures of the leading political forces in the UK. The reasons for the obvious crisis of the ideas of the New Labour and the revival of the attractiveness of conservatism in the context of the crisis are given. The author describes in detail how the Tories revised their previous ideas and formed the concepts of “new compassionate conservatism” and “great society”. The author states that David Cameron tried to combine the basics of Thatcherism in the economic sphere with the need to solve urgent problems in social development. The role of the leading British think-tanks and experts in the development of new socio-economic policy projects is analyzed. The author traces the efforts of the conservatives to focus on issues important for most Britons, to offer their solutions, to improve the image of the Tories, and to take away the initiative from their political opponents in order to return to power. Based on official party documents and official public statements of the Tory leaders, the paper analyzes the processes of forming and promoting new programs aimed at adjusting the model of socio-economic development of the UK, overcoming the current acute problems of development, and ensuring sustainable growth in the post-crisis period. The interrelation of political battles of the late 2000s with key trends of contemporary political struggle in the UK is demonstrated.
The article discusses the strategy of the Conservative Party on the issue of the House of Lords’ reform. The main emphasis in the work is on the attempts of the Conservative-Liberal coalition to modernize the upper chamber in 2011-2012. The House of Lords has been in reform process for more than 100 years. The difficulties with the reform occurred because of the lack of public, inter-party and internal party support for the bills. The Conservatives traditionally protected the institution which due to hereditary peers allowed them to dominate in the upper House. The program of the new party leader David Cameron, who sought to move the party to the center of the political spectrum, offered a block of political reforms, which included the reform of the House of Lords. However, based on its contradictory and protracted nature, it was the "third priority" of the future Conservative government. The formation of the coalition with the Liberal Democrats in 2010 meant that the Conservatives have agreed to reform. Anyway, the leader David Cameron went on to create the mechanisms for the implementation of constitutional changes, but during the passage of the bill opposed an effort to prevent the riots of the Right-wing Conservatives. This was the reason for the crisis between the coalition partners, which became one of the most serious ones during the work of the coalition. However, the parties kept the union, refusing to further advance of controversial reforms. Despite the failure of the reform, it is not a thing of the past, because it still shows the archaic political system and its disproportionality.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.