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Article

Платон как плагиатор

The article is dedicated to the study of the problem of plagiarism in the works of Plato in connection with ancient Greeks' beliefs about "intellectual property". Possible sources of a number of Platonic ideas and complete texts are defined, among which the most obvious are Philolaus (and also other Pythagoreans), Protagoras and Democritus. Plato's possible motives for the improper borrowing of fragments of works by his contemporaries and predecessors are uncovered; our paper also describes ways of "masking" by Plato of such borrowings. 

 

The author emphasizes that Plato's accusations of plagiarism were often an instrument of unfair competition between philosophical schools, and he analyzes several cases of falsification by the Neopythagoreans of Plato's "ancient sources". The role of accusations of plagiarism against Plato in the ideological war waged with Hellenism by Jewish and Christian apologists is demonstrated.

 

The author draws attention to the fact that Platon's borrowing of other people's ideas was often accompanied by their distortion and vulgarization, moreover, the original sources themselves disappeared from everyday life, which contributed to the very popularity of Plato. His plagiarism was an event that changed the course of world history - all subsequent philosophy, science, culture developed under the sign of Platonism.