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  • Создание объектов для изучения исследовательского поведения и мышления: от замысла до психологического эксперимента

Article

Создание объектов для изучения исследовательского поведения и мышления: от замысла до психологического эксперимента

Актуальні проблеми психології. 2017. Т. ХІІ. Психологія творчості. № 23. С. 230-246.

In the article, the author's system of objects like toy-puzzle, which have been given for 3-year children, teenagers and adults for independent exploration, setting and solving different problems, is presented. Two main ways of the idea of the experimental object appearing are stated. The tasks of the exploratory object design and «participant’s interface» and "experimenter's interface" development are worked out. The main principles of the experimental objects’ integral system are formulated. It is shown, that real objects in some important aspects are more optimal then virtual for psychological experiments, diagnostics, and estimation. It is stated, that in the difficult activity insight can be connected not only with the solving but also with the productive new problems’ setting – for the others and for oneself. Creative constructology is observed in the aspect of constructing of tasks for creative thinking: the traditional tasks, as well as the problem situations with an open beginning and the end and the research environments, giving the freedom of creation for a participant and the freedom of dialog construction between her/him and the researcher.