The Moduli Component of the Space of Semistable Rank-2 Sheaves on P3 with Singularities of Mixed Dimension
A new irreducible component of the Gieseker–Maruyama moduli scheme M(3) of semistable coherent sheaves of rank 2 with Chern classes c1=0,c2=3, and c3 = 0 on P3 such that its general point corresponds to a sheaf whose singular locus contains components of dimensions 0 and 1 is described. These sheaves are obtained by elementary transformations of stable reflexive sheaves of rank 2 with Chern classesc1=0,c2=2, and c3 = 2 along the projective line. The constructed family of sheaves is the first example of an irreducible component of a Gieseker–Maruyama scheme whose general point corresponds to a sheaf with singularities of mixed dimension.
The moduli space M(r,n) of framed torsion free sheaves on the projective plane with rank r and second Chern class equal to n has the natural action of the (r+2)-dimensional torus. In this paper, we look at the fixed point set of different one-dimensional subtori in this torus. We prove that in the homogeneous case the generating series of the numbers of the irreducible components has a beautiful decomposition into an infinite product. In the case of odd r, these infinite products coincide with certain Virasoro characters. We also propose a conjecture in a general quasihomogeneous case.
We study the irreducible components of the moduli space of instanton sheaves on P^3, that is, µ-semistable rank 2 torsion-free sheaves E with c_1(E)= c_3(E)=0 satisfying h^1(E(−2))= h^2(E(−2))=0. In particular, we classify all instanton sheaves with c_2(E) ≤4, describing all the irreducible components of their moduli space. A key ingredient for our argument is the study of the moduli space T(d) of stable sheaves on P^3 with Hilbert polynomial P(t) = d · t, which contains, as an open subset, the moduli space of rank 0 instanton sheaves of multiplicity d; we describe all the irreducible components of T(d) for d ≤ 4.
In this article, we will give a review of recent results on the geography and geometry of the Gieseker-Maruyama moduli scheme M = M (c1 , c2 ) of rank 2 semi-stable coherent sheaves with first Chern class c1 = 0 or −1, second Chern class c2 , and third Chern class 0 on the projective space P3 . We enumerate all currently known irreducible components of M for small values of c2 . We then present constructions of new series of components of M for arbitrary c2 . The problem of connectedness of M and also the problem of rationality of some series of components of M are discussed.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.