Н.П. Огановский: закономерность аграрной эволюции и пробелы формационного подхода
An article reconstructs and analyzes the evolutionary agrarian conception of Russian economist, statistician, geographer and politician N.P.Oganovsky in the context of history of political economy, an agrarian question and the Russian revolution.Distinctions between Oganovsky's generalizations and formational approach are shown. If the Marxism hasn't noted some essential details of structural changes in agriculture, then Oganovsky has disclosed significance of intensive agriculture as key factor of transition to reproduction on an expanding scale. Special attention is paid to a problem of braking of transition to intensive agriculture in economic history of Russia.
This book provides a unique and timely analysis of the role of structural change in the economic development of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa (BRICS) with a consideration for the role of industry, and in particular manufacturing. The emergence of BRICS reflects an ongoing change in the international economic order. BRICS now account for very substantial part of global GDP, global manufactured value added and global manufactured exports. The book examines their economic experiences and structural change in BRICS over the past three decades, identifying both differences and commonalities, and deriving lessons for other industrializing countries. Section I contains comparative studies focusing on the commonalities and differences of the experiences of BRICS. Section II includes six country studies providing a more detailed analysis of the long-run experiences of each of the countries. Section III consists of a set of seven thematic studies focusing on specific topics such as global value chains, the role of transnational corporations in the food chain, the role of foreign versus domestic investment, the role of domestic versus foreign demand in economic growth the diffusion of environmental energy technology and the similarities, and the differences in industrial policies pursued in the five countries. The book contains a summary chapter that provides an integrated perspective of the various contributions from the point of view of poverty reduction and development. It asks, whether the patterns of structural change and industrial development that BRICS experienced, had an impact on poverty outcomes, and if so, what where the channels and the consequences?
In the article we represents some results of statistical analysis of the integration activities of the economic sectors Russian Federation in 2008-2012, and also viewed some features of industry segmentation of deals. On the basis of this analysis it is possible to form a qualitative market infrastructure of the corporate control and to work out effective measures belonging to the government policy in the sphere of the sectoral administration of integration activities.
The paper describes the evolution in 1990-s and 2000-s of approaches of Russian state towards industrial policy, which is understood as a policy facilitating structural changes in the economy. The mentioned evolution took place simultaneously with the development of theoretical paradigms of industrial policy in the economic literature both in Russia and in the World, and with extensive use of different instruments of industrial policy as well. Authors aim to analyze and summarize the Russian experiences in applying different instruments of industrial policy and to discuss the reasons for success and failures of those experiments. The paper formulates some lessons to be drawn from the extensive Russian experience that may improve the efficiency of such a policy, and puts some question for the discussion on the industrial policy issue.
The article considers different variants of division of economic history into periods in a broad interdisciplinary context. Special attention has been paid to the influence of Enlightenment philosophy, evolutionary thinking , socialist ideology, human geography, agricultural economy, theories of economic growth, post-industrialism, world-system analysis. Author explicates heuristic significance of conceptions of such Russian theorists as A.Bogdanov, V. Semyonov-Tyan-Shansky, N. Oganovsky for economic periodization of history and world-system approash.
The monograph is focused on the issues relevant to the origination and development of the Russian defence industry complex. The adopted historical approach facilitates a profound analysis of its current state and prospects of defence industry modernization. The identified dynamics and trends of the structural changes in the defence industry complex manifest their synchronism with the changes occurring in the public management structure.
The study is intended for executive and engineering staff of the defence industry complex.
The goal of this study is to examine the performance of the Russian economy during the 2000’s. The authors study sources of economic growth during the period applying growth accounting framework and discussing standard assumptions and statistical problems. The relatively intensive growth of the Russian economy was accompanied by a very slow decline of inflation rates. The Chapter discusses the specific features of the recent consumer price rise and considers several manifestations of inflation persistence during the last decade.
The January uprising, 1863-1864 was estimated by its contemporaries as a turning point not only in the Polish history and Russian-Polish relations, but also in the fate of the Russian Empire and nation-building. Though Russian evaluations varied dramatically depending on political and ideological preferences of conservatives, liberals and revolutionaries, they had some common features. In Soviet period many old approaches to the history of uprising were forgotten, it was examining in the narrow framework of formational and class paradigm and progressive international revolutionary cooperation. In post-Soviet period transformation of theoretical basis of historical studies in spirit of pluralism was accompanied by rebirth of the old approaches with both positive and negative consequences.