This article evaluates future freight traffic along the northern latitudinal corridor. It shows possible bottlenecks on the latitudinal main lines connecting the country’s east and west. It also gives historical analogies for making strategic decisions with respect to transport projects in Russia’s Arctic Zone. In addition, it justifies the advisability of using national economic criteria to evaluate large infrastructure projects. It also demonstrates how important it is for annual economic growth of even 2 percent to create a new route across the Ural Range on the border of the Komi Republic, Sverdlovsk Oblast, and Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug.
The article is devoted to modelling the basic geographical image of the tundra in the light of the geo-space resources of Yamal and Chukotka. The key archetypes, primary signs and symbols, and symbolic spots related to the basic geo-image of the tundra are identified. The image geographical model for the basic geo-image of the tundra is constructed.
Effect of climate change on the populations of commercial fish is widely recognized. However, this recognition is currently insufficient and climate parameters are not incorporated into fishery forecasting models. Major fisheries of northern Russia targeting Alaska pollock, Pacific salmon in the North Pacific, and Atlantic cod in the Barents Sea are now in a good shape and showing record catches. This review discusses how climate change should be taken into account in the management of northern fish stocks in Russia. Given that climate conditions are currently favorable for these fisheries, it is difficult to assess the effectiveness of management system and predict how it will behave under less favorable climatic situation. Climate change might play a positive role in short-term perspective, but its role may be even negative in long-term perspective because of the possibility that the management system might lose its effectiveness in favorable conditions. To reduce risks for commercial fish stocks, it is necessary to incorporate an ecosystem-based approach in the management. One opportunity for that is provided by the program of ecological certification of Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) which became well established in Russia during the last decade. Without any support from the state, participants of the MSC program educate fishers, fishery managers, and governmental officers towards the use of ecosystem-based approach, specially accounting for the effect of climate change on northern Russian fisheries.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the degree of differentiation of the Arctic regions of Russia in terms of the main indicators of social and economic development, the dependence of their economy development on the raw materials industries, which are necessary for the formation of an effective regional policy by the state to achieve the strategic goals of development and development of the Russian Arctic zone
The development of the Arctic zone of Russia has been declared one of the priority directions of Russia's development in the coming years. To discuss the problems of development and search for a modern model of state administration in the Arctic territories, forums are regularly held where all parties interested in the development of the Arctic come together. At the end of 2018, two forums were traditionally held in St. Petersburg: the VI International Arctic Legal Forum "Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Arctic: Legal Aspects" initiated by the administration of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District and the VIII International Forum "The Arctic: Present and Future" held by the Interregional Public Organization "Association of polar explorers". The most discussed issues were the legislative regulation of the development of the Arctic, since the lack of full-fledged legislation has become a brake on the development of the Arctic zone. Considerable attention was paid to the development of the Northern Sea Route, the creation of conditions for the population in the Arctic zone, the development of technology and the digital economy, the preservation of the traditional way of life and economic activities of the indigenous peoples of the North. The article presents the most significant conclusions and recommendations on the issues discussed.