This collection contains theses of reports of the participants of the twelfth annual conference "Philosophical Prolems of Biology and Medicine: Between Biophilosophy and Bioethics" (Moscow, October 2018)
The commented famous work by S.J. Gould and R.C. Lewontin is crucial not only to sociobiology critique but to polemics on evolutionary theory in general. Reflection provoked by Gould and Lewontin’s paper in the field of philosophy of biology enables to clarify the relation between the adaptationist program and biological reductionism.