Low-energy dynamical response of an Anderson insulator with local attraction
The low-frequency dynamical response of an Anderson insulator is dominated by so-called Mott resonances: hybridization of pairs of states close in energy but separated spatially. We study the effect of interaction on Mott resonances in the model of spinful fermions (electrons) with local attraction. This model is known to exhibit a so-called pseudogap: a suppression of the low-energy, single-particle excitations. Correspondingly, the low-energy dynamical response is also reduced. However, this reduction has mostly quantitative character. In particular, the Mott formula for frequency-dependent conductivity preserves its functional asymptotic behavior at low frequencies, but with a small numerical prefactor. This result can be explained in terms of Mott resonances for electron pairs instead of single electrons.