Changes in educational differentials in old-age mortality in Finland and Sweden between 1971-1975 and 1996-2000
The paper presents research question and some results devoted to analyses of companies’ strategic processes in international business networks.
The book “From the “land of incarcerations” towards the society with a minimal use of pain: Finnish experience of reducing the prison population” includes articles and essays written by Tapio Lappi-Seppälä, Inkeri Anttila and Patrik Törnudd and translated into Russian. Authors reflect on factors, realization, consequences and significance of penal reforms in Finland. The book contains also the pictures made in a number of Finnish prisons.
At the moment Finland is on one of the last places in Europe in terms of prison population rate (55 prisoners per 100 000 inhabitants by 1.1.2016) though at the beginning of 1950s the number of prisoners was about three times higher and Finland was famous as a “land of imprisonment”. This change was the result of the consistent penal reforms since 1960s: decriminalization of a number of actions, day-fine reform, reducing minimum time for parole, expanding the use of fines and conditional sentence instead of prison, reducing the length of pre-trial detention, introduction and expansion of community service etc.
A joint research project carried out by an interdisciplinary group of Russian and Swedish linguists, sociologists and educators-psychologists (the Swedish Institute grant), besides solving pragmatic tasks of finding out relative quantitative-qualitative specificity of national cognitive representations of values, first of all, had methodological goals. They were to check the efficiency of the linguistic methods developed in this study (and, thus, to prove the theoretical ideas that served the basis for it) of getting factual data that allow reconstructing and comparing of the corresponding areas of cognitive representations.
This article studied the role of rulers’ honor to the relations between Russia and Sweden in 16th century. According to Posolskie books it is possible to understand that honor played an important role in these relations, the insult of ruler could become a casus belli, but some ambassadors could pretend to be humble if they wanted to achieve political goals.
The paper deals with the problem of Soviet-Finnish scientific-technical cooperation in the mid-1950s - mid-1960s as well as the role of specialists who worked in the "new Soviet area" of the Karelian Peninsula and Ladoga Karelia which became a part of the USSR after the Soviet-Finnish war in 1941-1944. The article examies the mechanisms of cooperation between the states as well as it effects on enterprises of the former Finnish territory.
This book examines how mobility was designed in the 20th century Europe. Martin's article is concerned about Interwar Sweden - the time when modern transports involved in our life strongly.
The book analyses labour law issues in Russia and Finland, which have particula interest for Russian-Finnish relationships
Globalization and growing competition force companies to look for new markets for their business. International operations give companies an opportunity to use their resources more efficiently and simultaneously the internationalization processes increase a firm‘s risks and strategic problems. The choice of an international strategy defines a company‘s priorities on partnership development, which are necessary for a quicker understanding of new markets‘ features, and also for decreasing strategic and commercial business risks. The strategic process is influenced by a number of factors, such as institutional and sociopolitical, and also business-sector specifics and national culture. Strategy development and implementation together with stable network relations define company‘s success in a new market. The paper presents the main results of an empirical research, devoted to analyses of international companies‘strategies and factors, affecting strategic choice and implementation process in the Russian market.