Book Review Keith Stanovich, Richard West, and Maggie E.Toplak: The rationality quotient: toward a test of rational thinking
This paper reviews the second edition of a biography of Alexander Middendorf (1815-1894) – a prominent naturalist and a scientific traveller, a member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg. The biography was produced in co-authorship by two scholars from Russia and Estonia. It sheds a new light not only on this important scientist (who is not a familiar figure for a non-specialist audience) but also on the whole community of the Baltic naturalists and travellers who played an important role in the exploration of nature and natural resources in the Russian empire in the nineteenth century.
Review on: The Europeanized Elite in Russia, 1762–1825: Public Role and Subjective Self. Edited by Andreas Schönle, Andrei Zorin, and Alexei Evstratov. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2016.
“Russia-EU Relations and the Common Neighbourhood: Coercion vs. Authority” by Irina Busygina is an exceptional study despite the fact that the author herself claims it to be “yet another book” on the relations between Russia and the European Union (EU). Not only is it acute and timely, for it thoroughly depicts how the relationship between the two entities has rapidly slipped into a severe conflict since March 2014. It also traces how this long-lasting rivalry has been steadily unwrapping in the countries belonging to the Common Neighbourhood (CN), with a rather unconventional case study of Turkey included into the analysis alongside with the more expected cases of Belarus, Georgia and Ukraine.
The exceptionality of the book however has less to do with what is being studied (in this sense, it is “yet another book”, indeed), it is much more about how the EU-Russia relations are approached theoretically. Busygina herself states that this book is, first and foremost, about power and power types present in the international arena and between different states and non-state actors, while the relations between the EU and its Eastern neighbour in the CN serve as a unique case to test the proposed framework. In fact, studying the power types practiced by Brussels and Moscow with regard to each other and the countries lying in between, allows the author to actually look beyond the instances of these power relations and to grasp their roots in the domestic political arrangements of the Russian state and the EU’s institutional environment.
This is a review of the two-volume edition of nearly 450 Sargonic administrative texts from Adab that belong to the Cornell collection of cuneiform documents.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.